Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 86, Issue 3, pp 499–505

Methodology for determining susceptibility of rough rice to Rhyzopertha dominica and Sitotroga cerealella

  • Frank H. Arthur
  • Laura Starkus
  • C. Michael Smith
  • Thomas W. Phillips
Original Paper

Abstract

Varieties of rough rice, Oryzae sativa (L.), were obtained from different sources in the south-central United States and evaluated for susceptibility to the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (Fab.), and the Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier), in laboratory studies. Adult R. dominica were fed on the rice varieties for 2 weeks, removed, and assessed for progeny production after an additional 6 weeks. Sitotroga cerealella susceptibility was evaluated by exposing two mating pairs of moths on a particular variety until the adults died. Rhyzopertha dominica parental survival, progeny production, and feeding damage by parental and progeny adults were variable, with survival ranging from 19.4 to 95 %. Rhyzopertha dominica parental feeding damage, progeny production, and progeny feeding damage were all correlated (r = 0.35–0.97, P < 0.001). Parental feeding of R. dominica provided access for neonate larvae to infest the rice hull. All rice varieties supported development of S. cerealella, and the variety Vista, which did not support growth of R. dominica, was one of the most susceptible varieties to S. cerealella. Progeny production of both species was generally correlated, but we observed only two instances of specific correlation for any rice variety. Results show that differences in variety susceptibility to stored product insects and differential susceptibility among species are important factors to consider when developing insect pest management programs for stored rice.

Keywords

Rice Insects Susceptibility Development 

References

  1. Arthur FH, Bautista RC, Siebenmorgen TJ (2007) Influence of growing location and cultivar on Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infestation of rough rice. Insect Sci 14:231–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arthur FH, Ondier GO, Siebenmorgen TJ (2012) Impact of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) on quality parameters of milled rice. J Stored Prod Res 48:137–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brees MH (1960) The infestibility of stored paddy by Sitophilus sasakii (Tak,) and Rhyzopertha dominica (F.). Bull Entomol Res 51:599–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chanbang Y, Arthur FH, Wilde GE, Throne JE (2008) Hull characteristics as related to susceptibility of different varieties of rough rice to Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). J Stored Prod Res 44:205–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cogburn RR (1974) Domestic rice varieties: apparent resistance to rice weevils, lesser grain borers, and Angoumois grain moths. Environ Entomol 3:681–685Google Scholar
  6. Cogburn RR (1977) Susceptibility of varieties of stored rough rice to losses caused by storage insects. J Stored Prod Res 13:29–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cogburn RR, Bollich CN (1990) Heritability of resistance to stored-product insects in three hybrid populations of rice. Environ Entomol 19:268–273Google Scholar
  8. Cogburn RR, Vick KW (1981) Distribution of Angoumois grain moth, almond moth, and Indian meal moth in rice fields and rice storages in Texas as indicated by pheromone-baited adhesive traps. Environ Entomol 10:1003–1007Google Scholar
  9. Cogburn RR, Bollich CN, Johnston TH, McIlrath WO (1980) Environmental influences of resistance to Sitotroga cerealella in varieties of rough rice. Environ Entomol 9:689–693Google Scholar
  10. Cogburn RR, Bollich CN, Meola S (1983) Factors that affect the relative resistance of rough rice to Angoumois grain moths and lesser grain borers. Environ Entomol 12:936–942Google Scholar
  11. Cohen LM, Russell MP (1970) Some effects of rice varieties on the biology of the Angoumois grain moth, Sitotroga cerealella. Ann Entomol Soc Am 63:930–931Google Scholar
  12. Kavallieratos NG, Athanassiou CG, Arthur FH, Throne JE (2012) Lesser grain borers, Rhyzopertha dominica, select rough rice kernels with cracked hulls for reproduction. J Insect Sci 12(38):7Google Scholar
  13. McGaughey WH (1970) Effect of degree of milling and rice variety on insect development in milled rice. J Econ Entomol 63:1375–1376Google Scholar
  14. McGaughey WM (1973) Resistance to the lesser grain borer in ‘Dawn’ and ‘Labelle’ varieties of rice. J Econ Entomol 66:1005–1006Google Scholar
  15. McGaughey WM (1974) Insect development in milled rice: effects of variety, degree of milling, parboiling, and broken kernels. J Stored Prod Res 10:1974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Park SH, Arthur FH, Bean S, Schober TJ (2008) Impact of differing population levels of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) on milling and physicochemical properties of sorghum kernel and flour. J Stored Prod Res 44:322–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Russell MP, Cogburn RR (1977) World collection rice varieties: resistance to seed penetration by Sitotroga cerealella. J Stored Prod Res 13:103–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. SAS Institute (2002) The SAS system for windows. Release version 9.1. SAS Institute, Cary, North CarolinaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (Outside the USA) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank H. Arthur
    • 1
  • Laura Starkus
    • 2
    • 3
  • C. Michael Smith
    • 2
  • Thomas W. Phillips
    • 2
  1. 1.USDA, Agricultural Research ServiceCenter for Grain and Animal Health ResearchManhattanUSA
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiologyArkansas State UniversityJonesboroUSA

Personalised recommendations