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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 82, Issue 2, pp 163–170 | Cite as

Evaluation of resistance in 14 soybean genotypes to Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae)

  • Amin Sedaratian
  • Yaghoub FathipourEmail author
  • Saeid Moharramipour
Original Paper

Abstract

The effect of 14 soybean genotypes (Sahar, Sari, Williams, Tellar, Hill, Clark, Tms, Dpx, Zane, 032, 033, L17, Ks3494 and I27) on life history and fecundity of two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), Tetranychus urticae Koch, was investigated. All experiments were conducted at 28 ± 1°C, 65 ± 5% r.h. and a photoperiod of L16:D8 h. The highest development time was 8.41 and 8.78 days for male and female on I27, and the lowest value of this period was obtained on Sahar and Ks3494 for male and female, respectively (7.11 and 7.60 days, respectively). The TSSM fecundity varied from 33.62 to 153.82 eggs per female, which was minimum on 032 and maximum on L17. The comparison of TSSM biological parameters on different soybean genotypes and cluster analysis of these parameters demonstrated that Ks3494, 032, Dpx and Sahar were the most resistant genotypes to this pest. An antibiosis process could be, at least in part, the cause of this variation. Knowledge of the extent of susceptibility or resistance of genotypes and biology of a pest on a crop are fundamental components of integrated pest management (IPM) programs for any crop. Implication of these observations in the control of TSSM on soybean is discussed.

Keywords

Antibiosis Plant resistance Soybean Tetranychus urticae 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was partly supported by a grant form the Center of Excellence for Integrated Pests and Diseases Management of Oil Crops of Iran, which is greatly appreciated.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amin Sedaratian
    • 1
  • Yaghoub Fathipour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saeid Moharramipour
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran

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