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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 81, Issue 3, pp 175–178 | Cite as

First record of the ambrosia beetle, Monarthrum mali (Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in Europe

  • Lawrence R. KirkendallEmail author
  • Marialuisa Dal Cortivo
  • Enzo Gatti
Short Communication

Abstract

During research conducted in northern Italy for the State Forestry Service LIFE Nature project, a single male specimen of the scolytine ambrosia beetle Monarthrum mali (Fitch) was collected in an ethanol-baited window flight trap. Trapping started in 2005, but the species was first collected in August 2007, suggesting that the establishment of M. mali in northern Italy is very recent. Monarthrum mali represents the second North American ambrosia beetle to be introduced to Europe, and joins Phloeotribus limnaris and Xylosandrus crassiusculus as recent scolytine introductions to Europe via Italy that pose potential threats to Europe’s nurseries, orchards and plantations.

Keywords

Biodiversity Invasive species Wood-boring beetle Italy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Michail Mandalshtam for his initial help with putting a name on the specimen, and Thomas H. Atkinson for independently confirming the identification. The specimen was collected under the LIFE Nature project 04 NAT /IT/000190 “Conservation actions in Natura 2,000 sites managed by the State Forestry Service”, conducted by the Local Office for Biodiversity of Belluno (SFS).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence R. Kirkendall
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marialuisa Dal Cortivo
    • 2
  • Enzo Gatti
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  2. 2.Local Office for Biodiversity of BellunoState Forestry ServiceBellunoItaly

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