Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 80, Issue 4, pp 191–197 | Cite as

Contribution of cultivated crops, vegetables, weeds and ornamental plants in harboring of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and associated parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) in cotton agroecosystem in Pakistan

  • Muhammad NaveedEmail author
  • Abdus Salam
  • Mushtaq Ahmad Saleem
Original Paper


The population dynamics of Bemisia tabaci and its parasitoids was studied on Gossypium hirsutum, Cucumis melo, Helianthus annus, Glycine max, Solanum melangena, Cucurbita pepo melopopo, Bauhinia pupurea, Morus alba, Albizzia lebbek, Lantana camara, Achyranthus aspera, and Convolvulus arvensis in cotton growing areas of Punjab, Pakistan during 2004 and 2005. Whitefly infested leaves having maximum number of second to third instar were collected and kept in glass petri dishes with lid on at 28 ± 2°C and 65 ± 3% RH. Mean population of whitefly adults that emerged per 200 cm2 leaf area per sampling period recorded was maximum on G. hirsutum (43.2), followed by C. melo (31.5), L. camara (23.0), H. annus (20.5), G. max (19.3), C. pepo melopopo (18.1), S. melangena (16.9), A. aspera (11.2), C. arvensis (9.2), B. pupurea (5.4), M. alba (5.3) and A. lebbek (5.0). Percentage parasitism was higher on G. hirsutum (44.3%), followed by C. melo (38.9%), A. aspera (38.3%), L. camara (38.1%), A. lebbek (35.3%), G. max (33.5%), C. arvensis (33.0%), M. alba (31.1%), B. pupurea (27.0%), S. melangena (24.8%), C. pepo melopopo (16.1%) and H. annus (15.2%). Overall the population of whitefly remained low during winter (November–February) and high during summer (May–August) whereas, the percentage parasitism was higher during June–September and lower during December–February. The study revealed that the availability of parasitoids could be enhanced by planting L. camara, B. pupurea, A. lebbek and M. alba in the cotton growing area.


Bemisia tabaci Cotton Host plants Parasitoids Biological control Pakistan 



The authors would like to acknowledge Professor Jian Huang, Director, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China for identification of parasitoid samples collected from different hosts and for providing technical information.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Naveed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdus Salam
    • 2
  • Mushtaq Ahmad Saleem
    • 3
  1. 1.Central Cotton Research InstituteMultanPakistan
  2. 2.Institute of Pure and Applied BiologyBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan
  3. 3.University College of AgricultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityMultanPakistan

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