The influence of induced mood on music preference
The purpose of this study was to clarify the impact of different self-centered moods on music preference without listening to music. Participants’ affective state (sad vs. happy vs. neutral) were experimentally manipulated through the mood induction procedure, and then their preferences for music were ascertained through self-reports. To understand participants’ internal motivations for their choices, we also asked them to indicate how appropriate he/she felt it would be to select the different music types as well as why they made such choices. Results suggested that participants in a sad mood were inclined to listen to sad (and slow) music, those in a happy mood preferred to listen to happy (and fast) music, and those in a neutral mood did not consistently prefer to listen to neutral music. In addition, participants were averse to sad music when they were in a happy or neutral mood; while they showed no aversion to happy music when they were in a sad mood. In conclusion, individuals select valence-consistent music when they are in an autobiographical memory-induced mood state.
KeywordsMusic preference Induced mood Sad mood Happy mood
This work was supported in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China (31600904), Humanities and Social Science Research Project of Hubei Provincial Education Department (18Q017) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei University (170016). We would like to thank all the participants in this research.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Written informed consent was obtained from all participants.
- Gilbert D (2006) Stumbling on happiness. Knopf, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Knobloch S (2003) Mood adjustment via mass communication. J Commun 53:233–250. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2003.tb02588.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Knobloch S, Zillmann D (2002) Mood management via the digital jukebox. J Commun 52:351–366. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2002.tb02549.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Knobloch-Westerwick S (2006) Mood management: theory, evidence, and advancements. In: Bryant J, Vorderer P (eds) Psychology of entertainment. Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, pp 230–254Google Scholar
- Martin L (2001) Mood as input: a configural view of mood effects. In: Martin LL, Clore GL (eds) Theories of mood and cognition: a user’s handbook. Erlbaum, Mahwah, pp 135–158Google Scholar
- Oliver MB (1993) Exploring the paradox of the enjoyment of sad films. Human Commun Res 19:315–342. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2958.1993.tb00304.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Qiu L, Zheng X, Wang YF (2008) Revision of the positive affect and negative affect scale. Chin J Appl Psychol 3:249Google Scholar
- Rosenfeld JP, Labkovsky E, Winograd M, Lui MA, Vandenboom C, Chedid E (2008) The Complex Trial Protocol (CTP): a new, countermeasure-resistant, accurate, P300-based method for detection of concealed information. Psychophysiology 45(6):906–919. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00708.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Van den Tol AJM (2012) A self-regulatory perspective on people’s decision to engage in listening to self-selected sad music when feeling sad. PhD thesis, University of LimerickGoogle Scholar
- Van den Tol AJM, Ritchie TD (2015) Emotion memory and music: a critical review and recommendations for future research. In: Strollo MR, Romano A (eds) Music, memory and autobiography: an interdisciplinary approach. LIGUORI Editore, Attuale, pp 16–32Google Scholar
- Zillmann D (1988b) Mood management: Using entertainment to full advantage. In: Donohew L, Sypher HET (eds) Communication, social cognition, and affect. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 147–171Google Scholar
- Zillmann D (2000) Mood management in the context of selective exposure theory. In: Roloff ME (ed) Communication yearbook 23. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 103–123Google Scholar