Cognitive Processing

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 203–209 | Cite as

No sex differences in the TAMI

  • Christopher R. MadanEmail author
  • Anthony Singhal
Short Report


The Test of Ability in Movement Imagery (TAMI; Madan and Singhal in J Mot Behav 45:153–166, 2013) has recently been developed as an objective measure for evaluating individual ability in movement imagery. Other tests of imagery have reported sex differences, including the mental rotations test (MRT) and the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire (VMIQ). However, some have attributed these observed sex differences to other processes, such as difference in spatial abilities and confidence. Here, we tested for sex differences in the TAMI in a large sample of young adults (N = 246). In the same sample, we also administered a modified version of the MRT that included both block configurations and human figures and the VMIQ2. This modified MRT was used, as the imagery processes involved in the TAMI may be more similar to those involved in the rotations of human figures. While strong sex differences were found in both subscales of the modified MRT, no sex differences were observed in the TAMI.


Movement imagery Sex differences Mental rotations Mental imagery 



We would like to think Sylvia Romanowska for assistance with data collection. We would also like to thank Dr. Gerianne Alexander for providing us with the modified mental rotations test from Alexander and Evardone (2008). This research was partly funded by a Discovery grant and a Canada Graduate Scholarship, both from the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada, held by AS and CRM, respectively.


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Copyright information

© Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Mental Health InstituteUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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