Cognitive Processing

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 223–234 | Cite as

Quiet eye and the Bereitschaftspotential: visuomotor mechanisms of expert motor performance

  • Derek T. Y. Mann
  • Steven A. Coombes
  • Melanie B. Mousseau
  • Christopher M. JanelleEmail author
Research Report


Concurrent exploration of the Bereitschaftspotential (BP) and quiet eye period (QE) was implemented to assess potential mechanisms underlying psychomotor skills that differentiate expert and near-expert performers. Twenty golfers were classified by their USGA handicap rating as either a high handicap (HH; near-expert) or low handicap (LH; expert) to permit skill-based inferences. Participants completed 90 trials during which QE duration, BP activity, and putting performance were recorded. The application of single-subject analyses illustrated that LH golfers were more accurate and less variable in their performance than the HH group. Systematic differences in QE duration and BP were also observed, with experts exhibiting a prolonged quiet eye period and greater cortical activation in the right-central region compared with non-experts. A significant association between cortical activation and QE duration was also noted. The results of this investigation lend support to the motor programming/preparation function of the QE period. Practical and theoretical implications are presented and suggestions for future empirical work provided.


Readiness potentials BP QE Motor planning Attention Expertise Sport Individual differences 


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Copyright information

© Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek T. Y. Mann
    • 1
  • Steven A. Coombes
    • 2
  • Melanie B. Mousseau
    • 1
  • Christopher M. Janelle
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Applied Physiology and KinesiologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.University of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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