Cognitive Processing

, 9:239 | Cite as

Short-distance navigation in cephalopods: a review and synthesis

  • Christelle Alves
  • Jean G. Boal
  • Ludovic Dickel


This paper provides a short overview of the scientific knowledge concerning short-distance navigation in cephalopods. Studies in laboratory controlled conditions and observations in the field provide converging evidence that cephalopods use visual cues to navigate and demonstrate spatial memory. A recent study also provides the first evidence for the neural substrates underlying spatial abilities in cuttlefish. The functions of spatial cognition in cephalopods are discussed from an evolutionary standpoint.


Invertebrates Comparative cognition Spatial learning Hippocampus 



The authors would like to thank Pr. Raymond Chichery for its helpful comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christelle Alves
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jean G. Boal
    • 3
  • Ludovic Dickel
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physiologie du Comportement des Céphalopodes, E.A. 3211Université de Caen Basse-NormandieCaen cedexFrance
  2. 2.Centre de Recherches en Environnement CôtierUniversité de CaenLuc-sur-MerFrance
  3. 3.Department of BiologyMillersville UniversityMillersvilleUSA

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