Cognitive Processing

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 67–70 | Cite as

Anticipation and anticipatory behavior

  • Giovanni PezzuloEmail author
  • Joachim Hoffmann
  • Rino Falcone

Introduction to the special issue

Anticipation is a highly multidisciplinary theme, and a growing interest is emerging in the empirical, theoretical and computational literatures. There is now a converging body of evidence in psychology and neurobiology indicating the presence of several anticipatory mechanisms in the brain, and highlighting a crucial role of anticipation in a large array of cognitive functionalities such as vision, motor control, learning, motivational and emotional dynamics. Simulative and generative capabilities have been advocated for bridging the gap between situated action and high-level cognitive capabilities such as planning, imitation, theory of mind, and language use.

These advances in the understanding of the anticipatory nature of much human cognition does not only constitute a promising direction of investigation for experimental studies, but involve a rethinking of central theoretical notions such as representation and intentionality. Many studies provide...



The authors are funded by the EU project MindRACES, “From Reactive to Anticipatory Cognitive Embodied Systems”, FP6–511931.

Copyright information

© Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Pezzulo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joachim Hoffmann
    • 2
  • Rino Falcone
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione-CNRRomeItaly
  2. 2.University of WürzburgWürzburgGermany

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