Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 40–49 | Cite as

An Experimental and Numerical Study of Bird Strike on a 2024 Aluminum Double Plate

  • Jun LiuEmail author
  • Zongxing Liu
  • Naidan Hou


This paper presents an experimental and numerical study of the bird strike on a 2024-T3 aluminum double plate. The experiments are carried out at a desired impact velocity of 150 m/s. The explicit finite element software PAM-CRASH is used to simulate the bird-strike experiments, and a coupled SPH-FE method is adopted, where the bird is modeled using the SPH method with the Murnaghan EOS and the structure is meshed with finite elements. The material parameters are identified by an optimization process, and the simulated dynamic responses of bird strike are compared with experimental measurements to verify the numerical model. The displacement and strain of the plate as well as the final deformation and damage show good agreement between the simulation and the experimental results. It suggests that the coupled SPH-FE method can provide an effective tool in designing bird-strike-resistant aircraft component.


Bird strike Experiment Simulation SPH PAM-CRASH 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11472225 and 11102168).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of AeronauticsNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina

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