Advertisement

Chromatographia

, Volume 73, Issue 3–4, pp 367–371 | Cite as

Determination of Pyridinium Ionic Liquid Cations by Reversed Phase Ion-Pair Chromatography Using Gradient Elution

  • Lingmin Meng
  • Hong YuEmail author
  • Yuzhen Liu
Full Short Communication

Abstract

Four pyridinium ionic liquid cations (N-ethyl-pyridinium, N-butyl-pyridinium, N-butyl-4-methyl-pyridinium, N-hexyl-pyridinium) were separated and determined by reversed phase ion-pair chromatography with ultraviolet-visible detection. The effects of ion-pair reagent, acetonitrile concentration and column temperature on the retention and separation of the cations were evaluated. Then the four pyridinium cations could be separated at baseline within 13 min. The detection limits (S/N = 3) were 0.30–0.70 mg L−1, and relative standard deviations (n = 5) for peak areas were 0.18–0.58%. The method was applied to analyze surface water with recoveries of 99.5–104.0%, which is accurate, reliable and practical.

Keywords

Ion-pair chromatography Ionic liquids Gradient elution Ultraviolet-visible detection Pyridinium cations 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province (grant no. B200909) and the Ministry of Education of Heilongjiang Province (grant no. 11541088).

References

  1. 1.
    Xiao XH, Liu SJ, Liu X, Jiang SX (2005) Chin J Anal Chem 33(4):569–574Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Greaves TL, Drummond CJ (2008) Chem Rev 108:206–237. doi: 10.1021/cr068040u CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kou Y, He L (2008) Prog Chem 20(1):5–10Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu JF, Jonsson JA, Jiang GB (2005) Trends Anal Chem 24(1):20–27. doi: 10.1016/j.trac.2004.09.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pandey S (2006) Anal Chim Acta 556:38–45. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2005.06.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Buszewski B, Studzinska S (2008) Chromatographia 68:1–10. doi: 10.1365/s10337-008-0662-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Berthod A, Ruiz-Ángel MJ, Carda-Broch S (2008) J Chromatogr A 1184:6–18. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.11.109 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Niu JG, Qiu HD, Li J, Liu X, Jiang SX (2009) Chromatographia 69:1093–1096. doi: 10.1365/s10337-009-1028-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu R, Liu JF, Yin YG, Hu XL, Jiang GB (2009) Anal Bioanal Chem 393:871–883. doi: 10.1007/s00216-008-2445-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gao W, Yu H, Zhou S (2010) Chin J Chromatogr 28(1):14–22. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2010.00014 Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Villagran C, Deetlefs M, Pitner WR, Hardacre C (2004) Anal Chem 76:2118–2123. doi: 10.1021/ac035157z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hao FP, Haddad PR, Ruther T (2008) Chromatographia 67:495–498. doi: 10.1365/s10337-008-0527-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhou S, Yu H, Ai HJ (2008) Chin J Anal Chem 36(11):1521–1525Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhou S, Yu H, Yang L, Ai HJ (2008) J Chromatogr A 1206:200–203. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.08.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zhou S, Gao W, Yu H (2009) J Instrum Anal 28(11):1279–1282Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yang L, Yu H, Li SW, Zhou S (2010) Chromatographia 72:307–311. doi: 10.1365/s10337-010-1653-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Stepnowski P, Muller A, Behrend P, Ranke J, Hoffmann J, Bernd J (2003) J Chromatogr A 993:173–178. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00322-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Buszewski B, Kowalska S, Stepnowski P (2006) J Sep Sci 29:1116–1125. doi: 10.1002/jssc.200500358 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ruiz-Angel MJ, Berthod A (2008) J Chromatogr A 1189:476–482. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.10.046 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang DL, Deng YF, Li CB, Chen J (2008) J Sep Sci 31:1060–1066. doi: 10.1002/jssc.200700634 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Markuszewski MJ, Stepnowski P, Marszall MP (2004) Electrophoresis 25:3450–3454. doi: 10.1002/elps.200406074 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Markowska A, Stepnowski P (2008) Anal Sci 24:1359–1361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yu H, Zhou S, Gao W, Chen Q (2010) Chromatographia 72:225–230. doi: 10.1365/s10337-010-1644-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gao W, Yu H, Zhou S (2010) Chromatographia 71:475–479. doi: 10.1365/s10337-010-1478-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ruiz-Angel MJ, Berthod A (2006) J Chromatogr A 1113:101–108. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.124 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Greibrokk T, Andersen T (2003) J Chromatogr A 1000:743–755. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01963-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yu H, Mou SF (2006) J Chromatogr A 1118:118–124. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2005.12.051 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yu H, Li RS (2008) Chromatographia 68(7/8):611–616. doi: 10.1365/s10337-008-0774-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Normal UniversityHarbinPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations