Journal of Ornithology

, Volume 156, Supplement 1, pp 275–286 | Cite as

Fire management, climate change and their interacting effects on birds in complex Mediterranean landscapes: dynamic distribution modelling of an early-successional species—the near-threatened Dartford Warbler (Sylvia undata)

  • Adrián Regos
  • Manuela D’Amen
  • Sergi Herrando
  • Antoine Guisan
  • Lluís Brotons
Review

Abstract

The current challenge in a context of major environmental changes is to anticipate the responses of species to future landscape and climate scenarios. In the Mediterranean basin, climate change is one the most powerful driving forces of fire dynamics, with fire frequency and impact having markedly increased in recent years. Species distribution modelling plays a fundamental role in this challenge, but better integration of available ecological knowledge is needed to adequately guide conservation efforts. Here, we quantified changes in habitat suitability of an early-succession bird in Catalonia, the Dartford Warbler (Sylvia undata), which is globally evaluated as Near Threatened in the IUCN Red List. We assessed potential changes in species distributions between 2000 and 2050 under different fire management and climate change scenarios, and described landscape dynamics using a spatially-explicit fire-succession model that simulates fire impacts in the landscape and post-fire regeneration (MEDFIRE model). Dartford Warbler occurrence data were acquired at two different spatial scales from: (1) the Atlas of European Breeding Birds (EBCC) and (2) the Catalan Breeding Bird Atlas (CBBA). Habitat suitability was modelled using five widely-used modelling techniques in an ensemble forecasting framework. Our results indicated considerable habitat suitability losses (ranging between 47 and 57 % in baseline scenarios), which were modulated to a large extent by fire regime changes derived from fire management policies and climate changes. Such result highlighted the need for taking the spatial interaction between climate changes, fire-mediated landscape dynamics and fire management policies into account for coherently anticipating habitat suitability changes of early-succession bird species. We conclude that fire management programs need to be integrated into conservation plans to effectively preserve sparsely forested and early succession habitats and their associated species in the face of global environmental change.

Keywords

Bird conservation Global change scenarios Multiscale hierarchical modelling MEDFIRE model Fire-prone ecosystems Forest biomass extraction 

Supplementary material

10336_2015_1174_MOESM1_ESM.doc (54 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 54 kb)

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Copyright information

© Dt. Ornithologen-Gesellschaft e.V. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrián Regos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manuela D’Amen
    • 3
  • Sergi Herrando
    • 4
  • Antoine Guisan
    • 3
    • 5
  • Lluís Brotons
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    • 6
  1. 1.CEMFOR-CTFC, InForest Joint Research Unit, CSIC-CTFC-CREAFSolsonaSpain
  2. 2.CREAFCerdanyola Del VallésSpain
  3. 3.Department of Ecology and EvolutionUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.European Bird Census Council-Catalan Ornithological InstituteNatural History Museum of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  5. 5.Institute of Earth Science DynamicsUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  6. 6.CSICCerdanyola Del VallésSpain

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