Journal of Ornithology

, Volume 150, Issue 4, pp 791–797 | Cite as

Cooperative breeding, mate guarding, and nest sharing in two parrot species of New Caledonia

  • Jörn Theuerkauf
  • Sophie Rouys
  • Jean Marc Mériot
  • Roman Gula
  • Ralph Kuehn
Original Article

Abstract

We provide evidence for cooperative breeding in two endemic parrot species of New Caledonia, the New Caledonian Parakeet (Cyanoramphus saisseti) and the Horned Parakeet (Eunymphicus cornutus). We intensively monitored 11 breeding attempts in two nests of New Caledonian Parakeets over 5 years, and noticed that two males of different size fed the female and the chicks in each nest. During one breeding attempt, the larger male guarded the female and the smaller male tried to copulate with her inside the nest. Genetic analyses showed that males shared paternity. During 17 breeding attempts in 11 Horned Parakeet nests, we observed two pairs sharing a nest on one occasion but we never saw feeding helpers.

Keywords

Communal breeding Cooperative polyandry Cyanoramphus Eunymphicus 

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Copyright information

© Dt. Ornithologen-Gesellschaft e.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörn Theuerkauf
    • 1
    • 6
  • Sophie Rouys
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jean Marc Mériot
    • 4
  • Roman Gula
    • 1
  • Ralph Kuehn
    • 5
  1. 1.Museum and Institute of ZoologyPolish Academy of SciencesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Conservation Research New CaledoniaNouméa CedexNew Caledonia
  3. 3.LIVEUniversité de la Nouvelle-CalédonieNouméa CedexNew Caledonia
  4. 4.Parc Provincial de la Rivière BleueDirection de l’EnvironnementNouméa CedexNew Caledonia
  5. 5.Unit of Molecular Zoology, Department of Animal Science, Life Science CentreTU MünchenFreisingGermany
  6. 6.NouméaNew Caledonia

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