Journal of Ornithology

, 150:685

Differential migration of the sexes cannot be explained by the body size hypothesis in Teal

  • Matthieu Guillemain
  • Richard Hearn
  • Roy King
  • Michel Gauthier-Clerc
  • Géraldine Simon
  • Alain Caizergues
Short Note

Abstract

The “body size hypothesis” predicts that if individuals of a population migrate different distances from the breeding to the wintering grounds, the distance should be related to the differential ability to cope with adverse conditions, with larger individuals wintering further north. Data collected over a 40-year period in Essex, UK and the Camargue, southern France, revealed that the average body mass of Teal ringed in Essex during these years was actually not greater than that of Teal ringed in the Camargue. A higher proportion of males were included in the UK ringing catch than in the French catch, but we found no support for the body size hypothesis to explain such differential migration of the sexes.

Keywords

Age ratio Anas crecca Body mass Differential migration Sex ratio Teal Winter 

References

  1. Alerstam T, Hedenström A (1998) The development of bird migration theory. J Avian Biol 29:343–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bennett JW, Bolen EG (1978) Stress response in wintering green-winged Teal. J Wildl Manage 42:81–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Campredon P (1983) Sexe et âge ratios chez le canard siffleur Anas penelope L. en période hivernale en Europe de l’Ouest. Rev Ecol (Terre Vie) 37:117–128Google Scholar
  4. Carbone C, Owen M (1995) Differential migration of the sexes of Pochard Aythya ferina: results from a European survey. Wildfowl 46:99–108Google Scholar
  5. Catry P, Lecoq M, Arujo A, Conway G, Felgueiras M, King JMB, Rumsey S, Salima H, Tenreiro P (2005) Differential migration of chiffchaffs Phylloscopus collybita and P. ibericus in Europe and Africa. J Avian Biol 36:184–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cristol DA, Everts DC (1992) Dominance status and latitude are unrelated in wintering dark-eyed juncos. Condor 94:539–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cristol DA, Baker MB, Carbone C (1999) Differential migration revisited. Latitudinal segregation by age and sex class. In: Nolan V Jr, Ketterson ED, Tompson CF (eds) Current ornithology, vol 15. Kluwer, New York, pp 33–88Google Scholar
  8. Gauthreaux SA Jr (1982) The ecology and evolution of avian migration systems. In: Franer DS, King JR, Parkes KC (eds) Avian biology, vol 6. Academic Press, New York, pp 93–168Google Scholar
  9. Guillemain M, Mondain-Monval JY, Johnson AR, Simon G (2005a) Long-term climatic trend and body size variation in Teal Anas crecca. Wildl Biol 11:81–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guillemain M, Sadoul N, Simon G (2005b) European flyway permeability and abmigration in Teal (Anas crecca), an analysis based on ringing recoveries. Ibis 147:688–696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guillemain M, Fritz H, Johnson AR, Simon G (2007) What type of lean ducks do hunters kill? Weakest local ones rather than migrants. Wildl Biol 13:102–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guillemain M, Hearn R, King R, Gauthier-Clerc M, Simon G, Caizergues A (2009) Comparing migration of Teal from two main wintering areas of Western Europe: a long term study from Essex, England, and Camargue, France. Ringing Migr (in press)Google Scholar
  13. Haramis GM, Derleth EL, Link WA (1994) Flock size and sex ratios of canvasbacks in Chesapeake Bay and North Carolina. J Wildl Manage 58:123–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hepp GR, Hair JD (1984) Dominance in wintering waterfowl (Anatini): effects on distribution of sexes. Condor 86:251–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jenkins KD, Cristol DA (2002) Evidence of differential migration by sex in white-throated sparrows (Zonotrichia albicollis). Auk 119:539–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ketterson ED, Nolan V Jr (1976) Geographic variation and its climatic correlates in the sex ratio of Eastern-wintering dark-eyed juncos (Junco hyemalis hyemalis). Ecology 57:679–693CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kokko H, Gunnarsson TG, Morrell LJ, Gill JA (2006) Why do female migratory birds arrive later than males? J Anim Ecol 75:1293–1303PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lebret T (1950) The sex-ratios and the proportion of adult drakes of Teal, Pintail, Shoveler and Wigeon in The Netherlands, based on field counts made during autumn, winter and spring. Ardea 38:1–18Google Scholar
  19. Mitchell C, Fox AD, Harradine J, Clausager I (2008) Measures of annual breeding success amongst Eurasian wigeon Anas penelope. Bird Study 55:43–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Myers JP (1981) A test of the three hypotheses for latitudinal segregation of the sexes in wintering birds. Can J Zool 59:1527–1534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nichols JD, Haramis GM (1980) Sex-specific differences in winter distribution patterns of canvasbacks. Condor 82:406–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. O’Hara PD, Fernandez G, Haase B, De la Cueva H, Lank DB (2006) Differential migration in Western sandpipers with respect to body size and wing length. Condor 108:225–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ogilvie MA (1983) A migration study of the Teal (Anas crecca) in Europe using ringing recoveries. PhD thesis. University of Bristol, BristolGoogle Scholar
  24. Owen M (1996) Review of the migration strategies of the Anatidae: challenges for conservation. Game Wildl 13:123–139Google Scholar
  25. Perdeck AC, Clason C (1983) Sexual differences in migration and winter quarters of ducks ringed in The Netherlands. Wildfowl 34:137–143Google Scholar
  26. Petrides GA (1944) Sex ratios in ducks. Auk 61:564–571Google Scholar
  27. Prescott DRC (1994) Intraspecific and geographical trends in body size of a differential migrant, the evening grosbeak. Auk 111:693–702Google Scholar
  28. Ridgill SC, Fox AD (1990) Cold weather movements of waterfowl in Western Europe. IWRB Special Pub. 13. International Waterfowl Research Bureau (IWRB), SlimbridgeGoogle Scholar
  29. Rohwer FC, Anderson MG (1988) Female-biased philopatry, monogamy, and the timing of pair formation in migratory waterfowl. In: Johnston RF (ed) Current ornithology, vol 5. Plenum Press, New York, pp 187–221Google Scholar
  30. Scott DA, Rose PM (1996) Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International publication 41. Wetlands International, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  31. Smith HG, Nilsson JA (1987) Intraspecific variation in migratory pattern of a partial migrant, the blue tit (Parus caeruleus): an evaluation of different hypotheses. Auk 104:109–115Google Scholar
  32. Terrill SB, Able KP (1988) Bird migration terminology. Auk 105:205–206Google Scholar
  33. Väänänen VM (2000) Waterfowl, an international game resource (in Finnish). In: Nummi P, Väänänen VM (eds) Game management. Metsälehti krustannus, HämeenlinnaGoogle Scholar
  34. Wolff WJ (1966) Migration of Teal ringed in The Netherlands. Ardea 54:230–270Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dt. Ornithologen-Gesellschaft e.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthieu Guillemain
    • 1
  • Richard Hearn
    • 2
  • Roy King
    • 2
  • Michel Gauthier-Clerc
    • 3
  • Géraldine Simon
    • 3
  • Alain Caizergues
    • 4
  1. 1.Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune SauvageCNERA Avifaune MigratriceArlesFrance
  2. 2.Wildfowl and Wetlands TrustSlimbridgeUK
  3. 3.Centre de Recherche de la Tour du ValatArlesFrance
  4. 4.Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune SauvageCNERA Avifaune MigratriceNantesFrance

Personalised recommendations