Mitochondrial phylogeographies of five widespread Eurasian bird species
- First Online:
- 361 Downloads
Five species of Eurasian birds displayed a range of mitochondrial DNA phylogeographic structures, including a single widespread lineage (common sandpiper), two geographically unsorted and closely related lineages (long-tailed tit), three partially overlapping closely related lineages (reed bunting), and two divergent geographically isolated lineages that rival species distinction (red-breasted flycatcher and skylark). Only the red-breasted flycatcher and the skylark displayed congruent phylogeographic structures. These five species represent different stages of diversification and speciation. There was little evidence that natural selection had influenced mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 (ND2) sequences. In several instances, population growth was hypothesized, based on haplotype distributions within populations.