Journal of Ornithology

, Volume 149, Issue 2, pp 223–228 | Cite as

Earliest fossil record of the Certhioidea (treecreepers and allies) from the early Miocene of Germany

  • Albrecht Manegold
Original Article


A complete tarsometatarsus of a passerine bird from the early Miocene (MN 3) of Petersbuch (Bavaria, Germany) is identified as an extinct representative of the climbing Certhioidea, i.e., a clade comprising treecreepers (Certhiidae), nuthatches and wallcreepers (Sittidae). The fossil specimen represents the so far earliest evidence of a representative of the Certhioidea and is described as †Certhiops rummeli gen. et sp. nov. Similarities to other climbing passerines are discussed.


Passeriformes Certhioidea Morphology Paleontology Tertiary 



For providing access to and loans of fossil and extant specimens I thank Michael Rummel (Naturmuseum Augsburg), Gerald Mayr (Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg) as well as Mark Adams, Joe Cooper, and Robert Prŷs-Jones (Natural History Museum London/Tring). I thank Walter Bock, Antoine Louchart, and Gerald Mayr for their comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript. This study was supported by a German Research Foundation (DFG) grant MA 2328/3-1.


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Copyright information

© Dt. Ornithologen-Gesellschaft e.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut SenckenbergSection of OrnithologyFrankfurt am MainGermany

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