Journal of Ornithology

, Volume 149, Issue 2, pp 211–216 | Cite as

An Old World hummingbird from the Oligocene: a new fossil from Polish Carpathians

  • Zygmunt BochenskiEmail author
  • Zbigniew M. Bochenski
Original Article


A near-complete, partially articulated skeleton of a hummingbird was recently found in the menilite shales of the Polish Flysh Carpathians. The specimen is dated to the Early Oligocene (Rupelian, approx. 31 Myr). It shares derived characters with extant hummingbirds and plesiomorphic characters with swifts. Its long, thin beak and short and stout humerus and ulna are typical for hummingbirds, but the coracoid resembles that observed in swifts. The osteology of the specimen is generally similar to that of the hummingbird described from the Early Tertiary of Germany but because it clearly differs in some characters from the German hummingbird Eurotrochilus inexpectatus, it is described as a new species of the same genus.


Eurotrochilus noniewiczi sp. nov Hummingbirds Fossil birds Oligocene Trochilidae 



Edward Noniewicz, collector of the specimen, is thanked for allowing us study it before the Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals acquired it. We are also highly indebted to J. Kotlarczyk for his remarks on the stratigraphy, to G. Mayr for taking measurements of Chrysolampis mosquitus and useful comments and to J.R. Stewart for general discussions regarding this paper and for correcting the English.


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Copyright information

© Dt. Ornithologen-Gesellschaft e.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Systematics and Evolution of AnimalsPolish Academy of SciencesKrakowPoland

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