Advertisement

Journal of Ornithology

, Volume 148, Issue 4, pp 417–426 | Cite as

Molecular phylogeny of the yuhinas (Sylviidae: Yuhina): a paraphyletic group of babblers including Zosterops and Philippine Stachyris

  • Shuxia Zhang
  • Lan Yang
  • Xiaojun Yang
  • Junxing Yang
Original Article

Abstract

Mitochondrial sequences (2,379 bp) from cytochrome b, ND3, 12s and 16s rRNA were analyzed in order to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships within the yuhinas (Yuhina), including the chestnut-faced babbler Stachyris whiteheadi which is endemic to the Philippines, the Japanese white-eye Zosterops japonicus, the chestnut-flanked white-eye Z. erythropleurus, and the oriental white-eye Z. palpebrosus. The results showed strong support for the idea that S.whiteheadi and three white-eye species form a clade embedded within the Yuhina clade. The robustness of the Yuhina/Philippine Stachyris/Zosterops clade rejected the validity of the monotypic genus Staphida, which was proposed for the striated yuhina Yuhina castaniceps based on its peculiar morphological traits. Sister group relationships between the striped-throated yuhina Yuhina gularis and the rufous-vented yuhina Yuhina occipitalis and between the whiskered yuhina Yuhina flavicollis and the white-naped yuhina Yuhina bakeri were discovered. The sympatric patterns of the above two sister groups in the Himalayas is most likely due to secondary contact. The molecular phylogeny also suggests that crestlessness was derived just once for the Zosterops/Philippine Stachyris clade. The Zosterops/Philippine Stachyris clade in our study also implies that an ancestor of Zosterops/Philippine Stachyris derived the ability to disperse over long distances, so that it could fly over the sea and arrive at the Philippines.

Keywords

Phylogenetic analysis Mitochondrial DNA Yuhina Zosterops Stachyris 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Comparative Genomics Group, which is directed by Dr. Bing Su (Kunming Institute of Zoology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences), for providing their laboratory and kindly helping with the experiment. We would also like to thank Dr. Shou-Hsien Li and Carol Yeung (Department of Life Science, Taiwan Normal University) for providing tissue samples and providing helpful comments on the manuscript. We also thank Donna L. Dittmann (Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University) for providing tissue samples. Moe Flannery (California Academy of Sciences) kindly checked old references for us and facilitated the tissue loan from the Museum of Natural Science, Louisiana State University. This work was supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Innovation Program (KSCX2-1-09). The work was in agreement with all of the laws of the countries in which the samples were taken.

References

  1. Ali S, Ripley SD (1987) Compact handbook of the birds of India and Paskistan, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 7:101–109Google Scholar
  2. Alstrom P, Ericson PGP, Olsson U, Sundberg P (2006) Phylogeny and classification of the avian superfamily Sylvioidea. Mol Phylogenet Evol 38:381–397PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barker FK, Cibois A,Schikler P, Feinstein J, Cracraft J (2004) Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:11040–11045PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barhoum DN, Burns KJ (2002) Phylogenetic relationships of the wrentit based on mitochondrial Cytochrome b sequences. Condor 104:740–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beresford P, Barker FK, Ryan PG, Crowe TM (2005) African endemics span the tree of songbirds (Passeri): molecular systematics of several evolutionary “enigmas”. Proc R Soc B 272:849–858PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Castresana J (2000) Selection of conserved blocks from multiple alignments for their use in phylogenetic analysis. Mol Biol Evol 17:540–552PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Chesser RT (1999) Molecular systematics of the rhinocryptid genus Pteroptochos. Condor 101:439–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cibois A (2003) Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of babblers (Timaliidae). Auk 120:35–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cibois A, Kalyakin MV, Han LX, Pasquet E (2002) Molecular phylogenetics of babblers (Timaliidae): revaluation of the genera Yuhina and Stachyris. J Avian Biol 33:380–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cibois A, Pasquet E, Schulenberg TS (1999) Molecular systematics of the Malagasy babblers (Passeriformes: Timaliidae) and warblers (Passeriformes: Sylviidae), based on Cytochrome b and 16s rRNA sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol 13:581–595PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Clements JF (2000) Birds of the world: a checklist, 5th edn. Ibis, Vista, CA, pp 520Google Scholar
  12. Cracraft J (1983) Species concepts and speciation analysis. Curr Ornithol 1:159–187Google Scholar
  13. Deignan HG (1964) Timaliinae, Panurinae, Picathartinae. In: Mayr E, Paynter RAJr (eds) A checklist of birds of the world: a continuation of the work of James L. Peters, vol 10. Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, pp 240–442Google Scholar
  14. Delacour J (1946) Les Timaliines. L’Oiseau 16:7–36Google Scholar
  15. Delacour J (1950) Les Timaliines: additions et modifications. L’Oiseau 20:186–191Google Scholar
  16. Desjardins P, Morais R (1990) Sequence and gene organization of the chicken mitochondrial genome. J Mol Biol 212:599–634PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dickinson EC (2003) The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world, 3rd edn. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, pp 621–622Google Scholar
  18. Ericson PGP, Johansson US (2003) Phylogeny of passerida (Aves: Passeriformes) based on nuclear and mitochondrial sequence data. Mol Phylogenet Evol 29:126–138PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fjeldså J, Zuccon D, Irestedt M, Johansson US, Ericson PG (2003) Sapayoa aenigma: a New World representative of “Old World suboscines”. Proc R Soc Lond B 270:S238–S241Google Scholar
  20. Fjeldså J, Irestedt M, Ericson PGP (2005) Molecular data reveal some major adaptational shifts in the early evolution of the most diverse avian family, the Furnariidae. J Ornithol 146:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fuchs J, Fjeldsa J, Bowie RCK, Voelker G, Pasquet E (2005) The African warbler genus Hyliota as a lost lineage in the oscine songbird tree: molecular support for an African origin of the Passerida. Mol Phylogenet Evol 39: 186–197PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Grimmett R, Inskipp C, Inskipp T (1999) Birds of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, pp 316Google Scholar
  23. Gould S (1871) Birds Asia 4:23Google Scholar
  24. Hall R (1998) The plate tectonics of Cenozoic SE Asia and the distribution of land and sea. In: Hall R, Holloway D (eds) Biogeography and geological evolution of SE Asia. Backhuys, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  25. Harrison CJO (1986a) A re-assignment of the affinities of some small oriental babblers Timaliidae. Forktail 1:81–83Google Scholar
  26. Harrison CJO (1986b) A re-assignment of two small babblers at present in the genus Yuhina. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 83:202–206Google Scholar
  27. Hedges SB (1994) Molecular evidence for the origin of birds. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91:2621–2624PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hedges SB, Sibley CG (1994) Molecules vs morphology in avian evolution: The case of the “pelecaniform” birds. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91:9661–9865Google Scholar
  29. Helm-Bychowski K, Cracraft J (1993) Recovering phylogenetic signal from DNA sequences: relationships within the Corvine assemblage (Class Aves) as inferred from complete sequences of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome-b gene. Mol Biol Evol 10:1196–1214Google Scholar
  30. Huelsenbeck JP, Ronquist FR (2001) MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 17:754–755PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Inskipp T, Lindsey N, Duckworth W (1996) An annotated checklist of the birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, Sandy, UK, pp 191–192Google Scholar
  32. James HF, Ericson PGP, Slikas B, Lei FM, Gill FB, Olson SL (2003) Pseudopodoces humilis, a misclassified terrestrial tit (Aves: Paridae) of the Tibetan Plateau: evolutionary consequences of shifting adaptive zones. Ibis 145:185–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Johnson NK, Cicero C (2004) New mitochondrial DNA data affirm the importance of Pleistocene speciation in North American birds. Evolution 58:1122–1130Google Scholar
  34. Kumar S, Tamura K, Nei M (2004) MEGA3: Integrated software for molecular evolutionary genetics analysis and sequence alignment. Brief Bioinform 5:150–163Google Scholar
  35. Losos JB, Glor RE (2003) Phylogenetic comparative methods and the geography of speciation. Trends Ecol Evol 18:220–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mees GF (1969) A systematic review of the Indo-Australian Zosteropidae (Part III). Zoologische Verhandelingen 102:1–390Google Scholar
  37. Moyle RG, Schilthuizen M, Rahman MA, Sheldon FH (2005) Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the white-crowned forktail Enicurus leschenaultia in Borneo. J Avian Biol 36:96–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nixon KC, Wheeler QD (1990) An amplication of the phylogenetic species concept. Cladistics 6:211–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Perez-Eman JL (2005) Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Neotropical redstarts (Myioborus: Aves, Parulinae). Mol Phylogenet Evol 37:511–528PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Posada D, Crandall KA (1998) Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics 14:817–818PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Price T, Palvelka M (1996) Evolution of colour pattern: history, development, and selection. J Evol Biol 9:451–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rand AL (1970) Species formation in the blue monarch flycatchers genus Hypothymis. Nat Hist Bull Siam Soc 23:353–365Google Scholar
  43. Robson C (2000) A guide to the birds of Southeast Asia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJGoogle Scholar
  44. Sambrook E, Fritsch F, Maniatis T (1989) Molecular cloning. Cold Spring Harbor Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NYGoogle Scholar
  45. Sibley CG, Monroe BLJr (1990) Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, CTGoogle Scholar
  46. Swofford DL (2003) PAUP*. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods), v 4.0b10. Sinauer, Sunderland, MAGoogle Scholar
  47. Swofford DL, Olsen GJ, Wadell PJ, Hillis DM (1996) Phylogenetic inference. In: Hillis DM, Moritz C, Mable BK (eds) Molecular systematics, 2nd edn. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA, pp 407–514Google Scholar
  48. Thompson JD, Gibson TJ, Plewniak F, Jeanmougin F, Higgins DG (1997) The clustalx windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acid Res 24:4876–4882CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Voelker G, Spellman GM (2004) Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA evidence of polyphyly in the avian superfamily Muscicapoidea. Mol Phylogenet Evol 30:386–394PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Warren BH, Bermingham E, Prys-Jones RP, Thébaud C (2006) Immigration, species radiation and extinction in a highly diverse songbird lineage: white-eyes on Indian Ocean islands. Mol Ecol 15:3769–3786PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dt. Ornithologen-Gesellschaft e.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuxia Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lan Yang
    • 1
  • Xiaojun Yang
    • 1
  • Junxing Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Kunming Institute of ZoologyThe Chinese Academy of SciencesKunmingChina
  2. 2.Graduate SchoolChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations