Journal of Ornithology

, Volume 145, Issue 4, pp 356–359 | Cite as

Long-term satellite tracking of white stork (Ciconia ciconia) migration: constancy versus variability

  • Peter BertholdEmail author
  • Michael Kaatz
  • Ulrich Querner
Short Note


During satellite-tracking investigations of 140 white storks (Ciconia ciconia), one individual, the long-term world record holder among birds, was followed along 12 migratory journeys over a period of 10 years. This long-term study confirms what previous several-year tracking studies of white storks had indicated: there can be great variability from year to year in the choice of winter quarters as well as in the routes and times of migration, intermediate destinations and stop-over periods, but constancy of winter quarters and migration routes is also possible. The variability may well be caused by external factors, of which food supply is probably predominant.


Ciconia ciconia Migratory behaviour Migration variability Satellite tracking Winter quarters 


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Copyright information

© Dt. Ornithologen-Gesellschaft e.V.  2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for OrnithologyVogelwarte RadolfzellRadolfzellGermany

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