Quantifying venous flow dynamics by flow-dephased and flow-rephased functional magnetic resonance imaging

  • Thies H. JochimsenEmail author
  • Harald E. Möller
Research Article


By combining flow-dephased and flow-rephased diffusion weighting with blood oxygenation level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging, it is possible to study flow dynamics in the venous network of the human brain. Thereby, ballistic flow, which conserves direction and velocity during echo time, is separated from diffusive flow with many changes in direction and velocity. By using this technique with very low diffusion/flow weighting, the mean velocity of ballistic flow was quantified in this study. The result of 10.9±3.2 cm/s strongly indicates that large venous vessels are the source of ballistic flow


BOLD Diffusion-weighted fMRI Flow-rephasing and flow-dephasing Venous flow velocity 


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Copyright information

© ESMRMB 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain SciencesLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.Lucas MRS/I Center, Department of RadiologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

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