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Paddy and Water Environment

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 143–152 | Cite as

Evaluation of two types of superabsorbent polymer on soil water and some soil microbial properties

  • Davoud Khodadadi Dehkordi
Article

Abstract

In this study, two types of superabsorbent polymers, Luquasorb (Luqua) and Stockosorb (Stock), at 180 kg ha−1 were applied by scattering and mass treatments in an experimental farm to assess their influences on spring wheat growth (Dez variety) and on the physical characteristics and microbial plenty of soil. The following treatments were used in this study: the control (C, without SAPs), Luqua with mass application (Luqua-M), Stock with mass application (Stock-M), Luqua with scattered application (Luqua-S), and Stock with scattered application (Stock-S). Approximately 0.3 m3 of irrigation water was supplied for every subplot. The results indicated that adding superabsorbent polymers could improve the soil water-holding capacity and enable the soil to retain more water. Besides, superabsorbent polymers significantly enhanced the soil water content in the three growth stages compared with the control. The use of superabsorbent polymers did not have obvious opposite influences on the soil microbial colony and might even increase soil microbial movement.

Keywords

Dez variety Hydrophilic polymer Microorganism Soil water 

Abbreviations

AW

Available water-holding

CT

Control treatment

CEC

Cation exchange capacity

DOC

Dissolved organic carbon

Luqua

Luquasorb

MBC

Microbial biomass carbon

OMC

Organic matter carbon

Stock

Stockosorb

SAP

Superabsorbent polymer

SWSA

Soil water-stable aggregates

SHM

Soil hygroscopic moisture

SMR

Soil microbial respiration

SWC

Soil water content

WC

Water-holding capacity

WSA

Water-stable aggregates

RG

16S rRNA gene

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Copyright information

© The International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Water Engineering and Sciences, Ahvaz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAhvazIran

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