Paddy and Water Environment

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 123–129 | Cite as

Methane mitigation for flooded rice paddy systems in South Korea using a process-based model

  • J. A. Chun
  • K. M. ShimEmail author
  • S. H. Min
  • Q. Wang


Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the most important food crops in the world. However, rice paddy fields are considered as one of the major sources of anthropogenic CH4 emissions. The objectives of this study were to estimate CH4 fluxes from a rice paddy field during rice growing seasons in South Korea and to assess the impacts of water managements on reduction of CH4 emissions using a process-based model. Three CH4 flux monitoring chamber systems installed at a rice paddy field in Gimje (South Korea) were used to measure CH4 fluxes. These measured datasets were used to evaluate the performance of the Denitrification–Decomposition (DNDC) model to simulate CH4 fluxes. A mid-late maturing rice cultivar (Shindongjinbyeo) was transplanted with a planting density with 0.15 m × 0.30 m (hill × row) on June 21, 2012 and June 21, 2013 after barely had been harvested at the study site. The DNDC model underestimated CH4 fluxes from a rice paddy field at the beginning of the rice growing seasons (overall 0.7 of R2 for the year 2013), while the DNDC model well-estimated CH4 emissions during the rice growing seasons. The DNDC model was used to assess the impacts of continuous flooding and midseason drainage on CH4 emissions. This study suggests that the DNDC model can be used to assess efficacious mitigation strategies to reduce the greenhouse gases.


CH4 emission Closed chamber method Mitigation Water managements 



This study was carried out with the support of “Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development (Project No. PJ90722802)”, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea.


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Copyright information

© The International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering and Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.APEC Climate Center, Climate Research DepartmentClimate Change Research TeamBusanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Environment, Climate Change and Agroecology Division, National Academy of Agricultural ScienceRural Development AdministrationSuwonKorea

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