Paddy and Water Environment

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 545–556 | Cite as

Uptake efficiency of 15N-urea in flooded and aerobic rice fields under semi-arid conditions

  • M. D. M. Kadiyala
  • R. S. Mylavarapu
  • Y. C. Li
  • G. B. Reddy
  • K. R. Reddy
  • M. D. Reddy
Article

Abstract

The sustainability of traditional rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivation in many Asian countries is being questioned due to severe water shortage conditions, envisaging the need for development of water-saving rice production technologies. A 2-year-field study on a typic Haplustalf soil was conducted to compare traditional transplanted rice–maize system with water-saving aerobic rice–maize system, with an overall objective of investigating the fate of fertilizer nitrogen (N) using 15N-labeled urea. Results from the field experiments showed that the rice plants positively responded to N fertilizer application. The average fertilizer N recovery by rice crop over the 2 years in aerobic rice was 26 kg per 100 kg of applied fertilizer N in the main field and 21 kg per 100 kg of applied N in the microplot, while the recoveries were 41 and 32 kg ha−1 per 100 kg of applied N in traditionally cultivated rice under flooded conditions. The fraction of 15N that was found in soil after the harvest of rice crop ranged from 11.4 to 47.1 kg ha−1 in aerobic rice and 14.2–51.4 kg ha−1 in flooded rice. Average recovery of 15N fertilizer in maize after the first growing season was 3.3 %, and the corresponding recovery in soil was 19 %. An additional 1.3 % of the fertilizer was recovered by crops during the two subsequent seasons. This study indicates the need to develop management practices that improve N use efficiency in aerobic rice by reducing losses to improve yields and reduce N export to the environment.

Keywords

Aerobic rice 15N-labeled nitrogen Nitrogen use efficiency Residual N 

References

  1. Barker R, Dawe D, Tuong TP, Bhuiyan SI, Guerra LC (1998) The outlook for water resources in the year 2020: challenges for research on water management in rice production. In: Assessment and orientation towards the 21st century. Proceedings of the 19th Session of the International Rice Commission, Cairo, Egypt. 7–9 Sep. 1998. FAO, Rome, pp 96–109Google Scholar
  2. Bartolome VI, Casumpang RM, Ynalvez MAH, Olea AB, McLaren CG (1999) IRRISTAT for Windows—Statistical Software for Agricultural Research. Biometrics, International Rice Research Institute, LosBañosGoogle Scholar
  3. Belder P, Bouman BAM, Spiertz JHJ, Peng S, Castaneda AR, Visperas RM (2005) Crop performance, nitrogen and water use in flooded and aerobic rice. Plant Soil 273:167–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bethune M, Austin N, Maher S (2001) Quantifying the water budget of irrigated rice in the Shepparton irrigation region, Australia. Irrig Sci 20:99–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bouman BAM, Peng S, Castaneda AR, Visperas RM (2005) Yield and water use of irrigated tropical aerobic rice systems. Agric Water Manag 74:87–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bremner JM, Mulvaney CS (1982) Nitrogen-Total. In: Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR (eds) Methods of soil analysis, part 2, 2nd edn. Agron. Monogr. 9. ASA and SSSA, Madison, pp 595–624Google Scholar
  7. Bronson KF, Hussain F, Pasuquin E, Ladha JK (2000) Use of 15N-labeled soil in measuring nitrogen fertilizer recovery efficiency in transplanted rice. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:235–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buresh RJ, De Datta SK (1991) Nitrogen dynamics and management in rice-legume cropping systems. Adv Agron 45:1–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Buresh RJ, Reddy KR, van Kessel C (2008) Nitrogen transformations in submerged soils. In: Schepers JS, Raun WR (eds) Nitrogen in agricultural systems. Agron. Monogr. 49. ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, pp 401–436Google Scholar
  10. Cassman KG, Kropff MJ, Gaunt J, Peng S (1993) Nitrogen use efficiency of rice reconsidered: what are the key constraints? Plant Soil 155/156:359–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Datta SK (1981) Chemical changes in submerged rice soils. In: De Datta SK (ed) Principles and practices of rice production. Wiley, New York, pp 89–138Google Scholar
  12. De Datta SK, Buresh RJ (1989) Integrated nitrogen management in irrigated rice. Adv Soil Sci 10:143–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. De Wit CT (1992) Resource use efficiency in agriculture. Agric Syst 40:125–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dourado-Neto D, Powlson D, Abu Bakar R, Bacchi OOS, Basanta MV, thi Cong P, Keerthisinghe G, Ismaili M, Rahman SM, Reichardt K, Safwat MSA, Sangakkara R, Timm LC, Wang JY, Zagal E, van Kessel C (2010) Multiseason recoveries of organic and inorganic nitrogen-15 in tropical cropping systems. Soil Sci Soc Am J 74:139–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Eriksen A, Kjeldby M, Nilsen S (1985) The effect of intermittent flooding on the growth and yield of wetland rice and nitrogen-loss mechanism with surface applied and deep placed urea. Plant Soil 84:387–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fujisaka S, Moody K, Ingram K (1993) A descriptive study of farming practices for dry seeded rainfed lowland rice in India, Indonesia and Myanmar. Agric Ecosyst Environ 45:115–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. George T, Ladha JK, Buresh RJ, Garrity DP (1992) Managing native and legume-fixed nitrogen in low land rice-based cropping systems. Plant Soil 141:69–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hauck RD, Bremner JM (1976) Use of tracers for soil and fertilizer nitrogen research. Adv Agron 28:219–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ichir LL, Ismaili M, Hofman G (2003) Recovery of 15N labeled wheat residue and residual effects of N fertilization in a wheat–wheat cropping system under Mediterranean conditions. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 66:201–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jackson ML (1967) Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  21. Kadiyala MDM, Mylavarapu RS, Li YC, Reddy GB, Reddy MD (2012) Impact of aerobic rice cultivation on growth, yield, and water productivity of rice-maize rotation in semiarid tropics. Agron J 104:1757–1765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kundu DK, Ladha JK (1995) Enhancing soil nitrogen use and biological nitrogen fixation in wetland rice. Exp Agric 31:261–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Linquist BA, Koffler K, Hill JE, Kessel CV (2011) Rice field drainage affects nitrogen dynamics and management. Calif Agric 65:80–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Macdonald AL, Poulton PR, Stockdale EA, Jenkinson DS (2002) The fate of residual 15N-labelled fertilizer in arable soils: its availability to subsequent crops and retention in soil. Plant Soil 246:123–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Maclean JL, Dawe DC, Hardy B, Hettel GP (eds) (2002) Rice Almanac. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ManilaGoogle Scholar
  26. Malhi SS, Johnston AM, Gill KS, Pennock DJ (2004) Landscape position effects on the recovery of 15N-labelled urea applied to wheat on two soils in Saskatchewan, Canada. Nutr Cycl Agroecosys 68:85–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Molden D, Frenken K, Barker R, de Fraiture C, Mati B, Svendsen M, Sadoff C, Finlayson CM (2007) Water for food. Water for Life: a comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture earth scan/International Water Management Institute, London/ColomboGoogle Scholar
  28. Muhr GR, Dutta NP, Shankarsubramoncy H, Leley VK, Donahue RL (1965) Soil testing in India, 2nd edn. USAID Mission to India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  29. Nie L, Peng S, Bouman BAM, Huang J, Cui K, Visperas RM, Xiang J (2008) Alleviating soil sickness caused by aerobic monocropping: responses of aerobic rice to nutrient supply. Field Crop Res 107:129–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Circ 939:1–19 Gov. Printing Office Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  31. Pathak BK, Kazama F, Toshiaki I (2004) Monitoring of nitrogen leaching from a tropical paddy in Thailand (online). CIGR J Sci Res Dev 6:1–11Google Scholar
  32. Peng SZ, Yang SH, Xu JZ, Luo YF, Hou HJ (2011) Nitrogen and phosphorus leaching losses from paddy fields with different water and nitrogen managements. Paddy Water Environ 9:333–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Piper CS (1966) Soil and plant analysis. Hons. publishers, BombayGoogle Scholar
  34. Powlson DS, Barraclough D (1993) Mineralization and assimilation in soil-plant systems. In: Knowles R, Blackburn TH (eds) Nitrogen isotope techniques. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 209–242Google Scholar
  35. Qian X, Shen Q, Xu G, Wang J, Zhou M (2004) Nitrogen form effects on yield and nitrogen uptake of rice grown in aerobic soil. J Plant Nutr 27:1061–1076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Raju SCh, Reddy PR (2013) Package of practices for rice in Southern Telangana Zone of Andhra Pradesh. In: Production technology for kharif crops in STZ. Proceedings of the Zonal Research and Extension Advisory Council Meeting, ANGRAU, 23–24, March. 2013. ANGRAU, Hyderabad, India, pp 1–2Google Scholar
  37. Rao AN, Johnson DE, Siva Prasad B, Ladha JK, Mortimer AM (2007) Weed management in direct-seeded rice. Adv Agron 93:153–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Reddy KR, Patrick WH Jr (1976) Yield and nitrogen utilization by rice as affected by method and time of application of labelled nitrogen. Agron J 68:965–969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Safeena AN, Wahid PA, Balachandran PV, Sachdev MS (1999) Absorption of molecular urea by rice under flooded and non-flooded soil conditions. Plant Soil 208:161–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Safo EY (1987) Effects of 15N-nitrate fertilization on yield and dinitrogen fixation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Ghana J Agric Sci 20–23:61–65Google Scholar
  41. Sampaio EVSB, Tiessen H, Antonino ACD, Salcedo IH (2002) Residual N and P fertilizer effect and fertilizer recovery on intercropped and sole-cropped corn and bean in semi-arid northeast Brazil. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 70:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Schnier HF (1994) Nitrogen-15 recovery fraction in flooded tropical rice as affected by added nitrogen interaction. Eur J Agron 3:161–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Shinde JE, Krishnayya K, Rao KV, Gandhi G (1985) Transformation of 15N-labelled urea in rice-wheat cropping system. Plant Soil 88:345–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shivananda TN, Kotur SC, Iyengar BRV (1996) Nitrogen management studies in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) using 15N-enriched fertilizer. Indian J Agric Sci 66:151–154Google Scholar
  45. Singh B, Bronson KF, Singh Y, Khera TS, Pasuquin E (2001) Nitrogen-15 balance as affected by rice straw management in a rice-wheat rotation in northwest India. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 59:227–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Singh S, Ladha JK, Gupta RK, Bhushan L, Rao AN (2008) Weed management in aerobic rice systems under varying establishment methods. Crop Prot 27:660–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Subbiah BV, Asija GL (1956) A rapid procedure for the determination of available nitrogen in soils. Curr Sci 25:259–260Google Scholar
  48. Ta TC, Tsutsumi M, Kurihara K (1981) Comparative study on the response of Indica and Japonica rice plants to ammonium and nitrate nitrogen. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 27:83–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Timmons DR, Cruse RM (1991) Residual nitrogen-15 recovery by corn as influenced by tillage and fertilization method. Agron J 83:357–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tuong TP, Bouman BAM (2003) Water productivity in agriculture: limits and opportunities for improvements. In: Kijne JW et al (eds) Rice production in water scarce environments. CABI Publishing, UK, pp 53–67Google Scholar
  51. Villegas-Pangga G, Blair G, Lefroy R (2000) Measurement of decomposition and associated nutrient release from straw (Oryza sativa L.) of different rice varieties using perfusion system. Plant Soil 223:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Walkley A, Black CA (1934) Estimation of organic carbon by chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Willis TM, Black AS, Meyer WS (1997) Estimates of deep percolation beneath cotton in the Macquarie Valley. Irrig Sci 17:141–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhang L, Lin S, Bouman BAM, Xue C, Wei F, Tao H, Yang X, Wang H, Zhao D, Dittert K (2009) Response of aerobic rice growth and grain yield to N fertilizer at two contrasting sites near Beijing, China. Field Crop Res 114:45–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhou S, Nishiyama K, Watanabe Y, Hosomi M (2009) Nitrogen budget and ammonia volatilization in paddy fields fertilized with liquid cattle waste. Water Air Soil Pollut 201:135–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering and Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. M. Kadiyala
    • 1
  • R. S. Mylavarapu
    • 2
  • Y. C. Li
    • 2
  • G. B. Reddy
    • 3
  • K. R. Reddy
    • 2
  • M. D. Reddy
    • 4
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)HyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Soil and Water Science DepartmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Natural Resources & Environmental DesignNorth Carolina A&T State UniversityGreensboroUSA
  4. 4.Water Technology CenterANGR Agricultural UniversityHyderabadIndia

Personalised recommendations