Paddy and Water Environment

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 495–506 | Cite as

Simulating the effects of chemical and non-chemical fertilization practices on carbon sequestration and nitrogen loss in subtropical paddy soils using the DNDC model

  • Hou-Xi Zhang
  • Bo Sun
  • Xian-Li Xie
  • Shun-Yao Zhuang
Article

Abstract

Understanding the long-term and quantitative effects of different fertilization practices on carbon sequestration and nitrogen loss is important when establishing the best fertilization regime. In this study, the DeNitrification–DeComposition (DNDC) model was validated first for the change of soil organic carbon (SOC) at the site mode and at the regional mode, and then it was used to simulate the effects of three fertilization practices including rice straw (RS) returning, chemical fertilizer application (CF), and green manure planting (GM) on C and N dynamics in paddy soils from a subtropical area of China. The prevailing fertilization practices in the study area were set as the baseline scenario, and alternative scenarios were assigned by varying only one of the three fertilization practices. All three fertilization practices increased SOC content but had different effects on rice yield, N2O emission, and nitrate leaching loss. Compared with a baseline RS rate of 15 %, the SOC contents less than RS rates of 30, 50, and 80 % were increased on average by 12.84, 29.48, and 53.50 %, respectively. SOC content also increased as the CF rate rose from 70 to 130 % of the baseline scenario and then leveled off from 130 to 160 %. SOC contents under GM were higher than that without GM by 35.74 %. Both the N2O emissions and the nitrate leaching were increased with the increasing CF rate, while they decreased under GM treatment. However, RS increased the N2O emissions but decreased the nitrate leaching. The polygon-based modeling method with the DNDC could accurately evaluate the general trend of SOC dynamics and nitrogen loss from paddy soils.

Keywords

Chemical fertilizer Green manure Nitrogen loss Paddy soil Rice straw Soil organic carbon 

References

  1. Álvaro-Fuentes J, López MV, Arrúe JL, Moret D, Paustian K (2009) Tillage and cropping effects on soil organic carbon in Mediterranean semiarid agroecosystems: testing the Century model. Agric Ecosyst Environ 134:211–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cai Z, Sawamoto T, Li C, Kang G, Boonjawat J, Mosier A, Wassmann R, Tsuruta H (2003) Field validation of the DNDC model for greenhouse gas emissions in East Asian cropping systems. Glob Biogeochem Cycles 17. doi:10.1029/2003GB002046
  3. Dawe D, Dobermann A, Ladha JK, Yadav RL, Bao L, Gupta RK, Lal P, Panaullah G, Sariam O, Singh Y, Swarup A, Zhen QX (2003) Do organic amendments improve yield trends and profitability in intensive rice systems? Field Crops Res 83:191–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Flessa H, Beese F (1995) Effects of sugarbeet residues on soil redox potential and nitrous oxide emission. Soil Sci Soc Am J 59:1044–1051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gao M, Qiu J, Li C, Wang L, Li H, Gao C (2014) Modeling nitrogen loading from a watershed consisting of cropland and livestock farms in China using Manure-DNDC. Agric Ecosyst Environ 185:88–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gong ZT, Zhang GL, Chen ZC (2007) Pedogenesis and soil taxonomy. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Gou J, Zheng X, Wang M, Li C (1999) Modeling N2O emissions from agricultural fields in southeast China. Adv Atmos Sci 16:581–592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huang Y, Zou J, Zheng X, Wang Y, Xu X (2004) Nitrous oxide emissions as influenced by amendment of plant residues with different C:N ratios. Soil Biol Biochem 36:973–981CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ji XH, Zheng SX, Shi LH, Liu ZB (2011) Systematic studies of nitrogen loss from paddy soils through leaching in the Dongting Lake area of China. Pedosphere 21:753–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ju XT, Xing GX, Chen XP, Zhang SL, Zhang LJ, Liu XJ, Cui ZL, Yin B, Christie P, Zhu ZL, Zhang FS (2009) Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106:3041–3046PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Ladha JK, Pareek RP, Beeker M (1992) Stem-nodulating legume-Rhizobium symbiosis and its agronomic use in lowland rice. Adv Soil Sci 20:147–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lee CH, Park KD, Jung KY, Ali MA, Lee D, Gutierrez J, Kim PJ (2010) Effect of Chinese milk vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) as a green manure on rice productivity and methane emission in paddy soil. Agric Ecosyst Environ 138:343–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li CS (2000) Modeling trace gas emissions from agricultural ecosystems. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 58:259–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li CS, Frolking S, Frolking TA (1992) A model of nitrous oxide evolution from soil driven by rainfall events: 1. Model structure and sensitivity. J Geophys Res 97:9759–9776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li C, Frolking S, Xiao X, Moore BI, Boles S, Qiu J, Huang Y, Salas W, Sass R (2005) Modeling impacts of farming management alternatives on CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions: a case study for water management of rice agriculture of China. Glob Biogeochem Cycles 19. doi:10.1029/2004GB002341
  16. Li CS, Farahbakhshazad N, Jaynes DB, Dinnes DL, Salas W, McLaughlin D (2006a) Modeling nitrate leaching with a biogeochemical model modified based on observations in a row-crop field in Iowa. Ecol Model 196:116–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li YK (1983) Routine analysis method of soil agricultural chemistry. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Li ZP, Zhang TL, Chen BY (2006b) Changes of organic carbon and nutrient contents in highly productive paddy soils in Yujiang County of Jiangxi Province. Sci Agric Sin 39:324–330 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Li Z, Liu M, Wu X, Han F, Zhang T (2010) Effects of long-term chemical fertilization and organic amendments on dynamics of soil organic C and total N in paddy soil derived from barren land in subtropical China. Soil Tillage Res 106:268–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Li H, Wang L, Qiu J, Li C, Gao M, Gao C (2014) Calibration of DNDC model for nitrate leaching from an intensively cultivated region of Northern China. Geoderma 223–225:108–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu QH, Shi XZ, Weindorf DC, Yu DS, Zhao YC, Sun WX, Wang HJ (2006) Soil organic carbon storage of paddy soils in China using the 1:1,000,000 soil database and their implications for C sequestration. Glob Biogeochem Cycles 20. doi:10.1029/2006GB002731
  22. Liu Y, Wang YQ, Zhang XM, Dai DY, Zheng WH, Peng H (2007) Effect of Chinese milk vetch planting on soil fertility and yield of rice. Anhui Agric Sci Bull 13:98–99 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Lu RK (1999) Analytical methods for soil and agricultural chemistry. China Agricultural Science and Technology Publishing House, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Lu F, Wang XK, Han B, Ouyang ZY, Duan XN, Zheng H, Miao H (2009) Soil carbon sequestrations by nitrogen fertilizer application, straw return and no-tillage in China’s cropland. Glob Change Biol 15:281–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lugato E, Zuliani M, Alberti G, Vedove GD, Gioli B, Miglietta F, Peressotti A (2010) Application of DNDC biogeochemistry model to estimate greenhouse gas emissions from Italian agricultural areas at high spatial resolution. Agric Ecosyst Environ 139:546–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Majumdar D, Kumar S, Pathak H, Jain MC, Kumar U (2000) Reducing nitrous oxide emission from an irrigated rice field of North India with nitrification inhibitors. Agric Ecosyst Environ 81:163–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nie J, Zhou JM, Wang HY, Chen XQ, Du CW (2007) Effect of long-term rice straw return on soil glomalin, carbon and nitrogen. Pedosphere 17:295–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pan G, Smith P, Pan W (2009) The role of soil organic matter in maintaining the productivity and yield stability of cereals in China. Agric Ecosyst Environ 129:344–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Qiu JJ, Wang LG, Li H, Tang HJ, Li CS, Ranst EV (2009) Modeling the impacts of soil organic carbon content of croplands on crop yields in China. Sci Agric Sin 42:154–161 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Saviozzi A, Levi-Minzi R, Riffaldi R, Vanni G (1997) Laboratory studies on the application of wheat straw and pig slurry to soil and the resulting environmental implications. Agric Ecosyst Environ 61:35–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Singh Y, Khind CS, Singh B (1991) Efficient management of leguminous green manure in wetland rice. Adv Agron 45:135–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Smith P, Smith JU, Powlson DS, McGill WB, Arah JRM, Chertov OG, Coleman K, Franko U, Frolking S, Jenkinson DS, Jensen LS, Kelly RH, Klein-Gunnewiek H, Komarov AS, Li C, Molina JAE, Mueller T, Parton WJ, Thornley JHM, Whitmore AP (1997) A comparison of the performance of nine soil organic matter models using datasets from seven long-term experiments. Geoderma 81:153–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sodhi GPS, Beri V, Benbi DK (2009) Soil aggregation and distribution of carbon and nitrogen in different fractions under long-term application of compost in rice–wheat system. Soil Tillage Res 103:412–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sun B, Zhang L, Yang L, Zhang F, Norse D, Zhu Z (2012) Agricultural non-point source pollution in China: causes and mitigation measures. Ambio 41:370–379PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Tong C, Xiao H, Tang G, Wang H, Huang T, Xia H, Keith Syers J, Li Y, Liu S, Wu J (2009) Long-term fertilizer effects on organic carbon and total nitrogen and coupling relationships of C and N in paddy soils in subtropical China. Soil Tillage Res 106:8–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang L, Qiu J, Tang H, Li H, Li C, Van Ranst E (2008) Modelling soil organic carbon dynamics in the major agricultural regions of China. Geoderma 147:47–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wen QX (1984) Methods for soil organic matter studies. Agriculture Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  38. Xu SX, Shi XZ, Zhao YC, Yu DS, Li CS, Wang SH, Tan MZ, Sun WX (2011) Carbon sequestration potential of recommended management practices for paddy soils of China, 1980–2050. Geoderma 166:206–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xu S, Shi X, Zhao Y, Yu D, Wang S, Tan M, Sun W, Li C (2012) Spatially explicit simulation of soil organic carbon dynamics in China’s paddy soils. Catena 92:113–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Xu SX, Zhao YC, Shi XZ, Yu DS, Li CS, Wang SH, Tan MZ, Sun WX (2013) Map scale effects of soil databases on modeling organic carbon dynamics for paddy soils of China. Catena 104:67–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Yan XY, Cai ZC, Wang SW, Smith P (2011) Direct measurement of soil organic carbon content change in the croplands of China. Glob Change Biol 17:1487–1496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yao Z, Zheng X, Dong H, Wang R, Mei B, Zhu J (2012) A 3-year record of N2O and CH4 emissions from a sandy loam paddy during rice seasons as affected by different nitrogen application rates. Agric Ecosyst Environ 152:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yu Y, Huang Y, Zhang W (2012) Modeling soil organic carbon change in croplands of China, 1980–2009. Glob Planet Change 82–83:115–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zhang LM (2009) Scale effects of dynamic simulation of paddy soil organic carbon in Taihu Lake. Dissertation, Nanjing Agricultural UniversityGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhang Y, Li C, Zhou X, Moore BI (2002) A simulation model linking crop growth and soil biogeochemistry for sustainable agriculture. Ecol Model 151:75–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhang W, Yu YQ, Sun WJ, Huang Y (2007) Simulation of soil organic carbon dynamics in Chinese rice paddies from 1980 to 2000. Pedosphere 17:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Zhang ZQ, Yu DS, Shi XZ, Weindorf DC, Wang XX, Tan MZ (2010) Effect of sampling classification patterns on SOC variability in the red soil region, China. Soil Tillage Res 110:2–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Zhang LM, Yu DS, Shi XZ, Xu SX, Wang SH, Xing SH, Zhao YC (2012) Simulation soil organic carbon change in China’s Tai-Lake paddy soils. Soil Tillage Res 121:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhu ZL, Chen DL (2002) Nitrogen fertilizer use in China—contributions to food production, impacts on the environment and best management strategies. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 63:117–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering and Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hou-Xi Zhang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Bo Sun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xian-Li Xie
    • 1
  • Shun-Yao Zhuang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Research and Technology Center for Red Soil Improvement, Red Soil Ecological Experiment StationChinese Academy of SciencesYingtanChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations