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Paddy and Water Environment

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 443–453 | Cite as

Water productivity and nutrient status of rice soil in response to cultivation techniques and nitrogen fertilization

  • Soumya Saha
  • Y. V. Singh
  • Sunita Gaind
  • Dinesh Kumar
Article

Abstract

Three methods of rice cultivation were compared in a field experiment at New Delhi, India during 2012 for their water use and changes in nutrient availability of soil. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with conventional transplanting (CT), system of rice intensification (SRI), and aerobic rice (AR) cultivation technologies. Five doses of nitrogen included 100 % (120 kg N ha−1), 125, and 150 % recommended dose of N(RDN) through urea, 75 % of RDN through urea (90 kg N ha−1) + 25 % of RDN (30 kg ha−1) through farm yard manure (FYM), and 100 % of RDN through FYM. Results revealed that status of available N in soil under rice at 45 and 90 days after sowing (DAS) was significantly higher in CT and SRI compared to AR method. Application of the highest dose of nitrogen through urea resulted in the highest availability of N (188.9, 174.2, and 135.2 kg ha−1 for 45 and 90 DAS and at harvest stage, respectively). The soil under AR recorded significantly low availability of phosphorus and iron. However, availability of K in soil was not affected significantly under adopted production techniques and nitrogen management. The recorded irrigation water productivity was maximum in AR cultivation (9.16 kg ha mm−1) followed by SRI (7.02 kg ha mm−1) with irrigation water saving of 54 and 36 %, respectively compared to CT.

Keywords

Aerobic rice Conventional transplanting System of rice intensification Nitrogen Phosphorus Irrigation water saving 

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Copyright information

© The International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering and Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soumya Saha
    • 1
  • Y. V. Singh
    • 2
  • Sunita Gaind
    • 3
  • Dinesh Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of AgronomyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.CCUBGAIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Division of MicrobiologyIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia

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