Paddy and Water Environment

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 79–88 | Cite as

Strategies and engineering adaptions to disseminate SRI methods in large-scale irrigation systems in Eastern Indonesia

  • Shuichi Sato
  • Eiji Yamaji
  • Takeshi Kuroda
Technical Report


The system of rice intensification (SRI) developed in Madagascar has been controversial in part because there have been no large-scale, long-term evaluations of the impact of its alternative methods. This paper summarizes experience with the dissemination of SRI practices across eight provinces in Eastern Indonesia over nine seasons from 2002 to 2006 under a major irrigation project. The Decentralized Irrigation System Improvement Project (DISIMP) was financed by the Japanese Government with project management by a Nippon Koei consultant team. SRI has been introduced in Indonesia via several organizations and in different parts of the country starting in 2000. The evaluation reported here, made by the DISIMP technical assistance team, is based on data from 12,133 on-farm comparison trials that covered a total area of 9,429 ha. Under SRI management, average paddy yield increase was 3.3 t/ha (78%). This was achieved with about 40% reduction in water use, 50% reduction in chemical fertilizer applications, and 20% lower costs of production. The farmers whom DISIMP was assisting to take up SRI were usually cultivating their paddy fields individually within irrigation systems where it was difficult to reduce water applications as recommended for SRI. Accordingly, innovations had to be made in soil and water management to create relatively aerobic soil conditions so that farmers could get the more productive rice phenotypes expected from SRI practice. This article describes the modifications made to adapt SRI concepts, pointing to the value of introducing in-field ditches, which was confirmed through paddy tract surveys. This experience and analysis showed how SRI methods could be utilized within irrigation systems where water management was not (yet) tailored to SRI production practices. Subsequently, modifications in irrigation system management are being made to be more supportive of SRI cultivation.


System of Rice Intensification Intermittent irrigation Yields of irrigated rice Fertilizer reductions Paddy yield survey method Field ditch 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nippon Koei Co. Ltd.TokyoJapan
  2. 2.University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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