Paddy and Water Environment

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 91–97 | Cite as

Irrigation management transfer (IMT) and system of rice intensification (SRI) practice in the Philippines

  • Tetsuro Miyazato
  • Robert A. Mohammed
  • R. C. Lazaro


SRI practices can usually increase the yield of paddy without using special varieties of rice or chemicals. High yield of paddy can be simply achieved through the combination of transplanting single seedlings about 8–10 days old with just two leaves on 40 cm × 40 cm spacing, providing organic fertilizer, and intermittent irrigation. No pesticides are applied. Historically, integrated management of water and crop (particularly rice) in the Philippines, had its beginning with the Spaniards, but more formal events were recorded in the 1950s by Margate (1954) in “Rice: 100 Cavans (50 kg/cavan) per Hectare.” This was followed by the Water Management Manual released in the 1970s by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and National Irrigation Administration (NIA). Recently, the Southern Philippines Irrigation Sector Project (SPISP), a joint ADB–NIA effort, has commenced trials with the system of rice intensification (SRI) practice. One of the most specific features of SRI is the intermittent irrigation system which requires assured water supply at necessary timing. It is easier to attain assured water supply on timely manner through irrigation management transfer (IMT) which encourages the empowerment of fair water distribution. This article analyzes the merit of IMT for SRI.


High yield Irrigation management transfer (IMT) Organic farming Philippines System of rice intensification (SRI) 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tetsuro Miyazato
    • 1
  • Robert A. Mohammed
    • 2
  • R. C. Lazaro
    • 3
  1. 1.The Japanese Institute of Irrigation and DrainageTokyoJapan
  2. 2.ISPM Consultant, Project Management Unit – OIIAWMIP, Department of Water ResourcesGoverment of OrissaBhubaneswarIndia
  3. 3.Southern Philippines Irrigation Sector Project, Schema Konsult-Sustainable Development SolutionNational Irrigation AdministrationQuezon CityPhilippines

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