, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 15–18 | Cite as

Healthy baboon with no upper jaw or nose: an extreme case of adaptability in the Kibale National Park, Uganda

  • Thomas T. Struhsaker
  • Colin A. Chapman
  • Theresa R. Pope
  • Jeffrey R. Marcus
News and Perspectives


We describe and document with digital images an adult female baboon (Papio anubis) from the Kibale National Park, Uganda, who was missing all but the basal part of her upper jaw and nose, i.e., no premaxilla and very little of the maxilla and nasal bones. She appeared otherwise healthy, well integrated into a social group, and apparently reproducing, based on the fact that she was grooming a juvenile who suckled from her and that she appeared to be pregnant. Her extreme deformity raises numerous questions and demonstrates the highly adaptable capabilities of wild baboons.


Baboon Deformity Premaxilla Maxilla Nasal bones Kibale National Park 



We acknowledge and thank the following funding sources for support of this work: a grant from the Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation’s Primate Action Fund to T.T. Struhsaker and the National Science and Engineering Research Council and Canada Research Chair for support of C. Chapman. We thank the following colleagues for useful comments on this case: Drs Joanna Lambert, Jessica Rothman, Friderun Ankel-Simons, Matt Cartmill, Ted Tewfik, Thomas Butler, Tony Goldberg, Buddy Capuano, Chris Wall, Tony Collins, and Anne Pusey.


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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre and Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas T. Struhsaker
    • 1
  • Colin A. Chapman
    • 2
  • Theresa R. Pope
    • 1
  • Jeffrey R. Marcus
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Evolutionary AnthropologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyMcGill School of Environment McGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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