Primates

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 159–166 | Cite as

Effects of vegetation type on habitat use by crop-raiding Japanese macaques during a food-scarce season

Original Article

Abstract

Habitat use by crop-raiding Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) was studied in western Japan from December 2005 to February 2006, a food-scarce season. To examine how different vegetation types affect habitat use by monkeys, two crop-raiding troops were compared: the first troop inhabited a habitat involving more wild food resources; the second troop inhabited a habitat providing fewer wild food resources. It was hypothesized that monkeys living in the habitat with fewer wild food resources are more likely to utilize human settlements and areas around them (i.e. adjacent zones), with a dependence on crop foods. Comparisons of observed and expected habitat use frequencies showed that the first troop selected evergreen broad-leaved forests and conifer plantations, and avoided adjacent zones, rice fields, and golf courses. The second troop selected adjacent zones and avoided conifer plantations, pine forests, and deciduous broad-leaved forests. Both troops moved rapidly in avoided habitat types. These results suggest that monkeys living in the habitat with fewer wild food resources are more likely to utilize areas around human settlements during a food-scarce season.

Keywords

Habitat selection Home range Travel speed Macaca fuscata 

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Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre and Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Primate Research InstituteKyoto UniversityInuyama CityJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Nature and Environmental ScienceUniversity of Hyogo and Wildlife Management Research CenterHyogoJapan

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