Primates

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 146–148 | Cite as

A case of adoption in a wild group of black-fronted titi monkeys (Callicebus nigrifrons)

Short communication

Abstract

We observed a case of infant adoption in an unprovisioned group of wild black-fronted titi monkeys (Callicebus nigrifrons). During our long-term field study we noticed that an infant had moved from one of our study groups (“Desbotado”) to another (“Rio”). Observations of the adoptive group confirm that it was being cared for by the adult male, and initially the group’s adult female was nursing the infant alongside her biological infant. Interestingly, the native and adoptive groups have frequent inter-group interactions, but at no point have we observed the native group trying to retrieve its infant. As of April 2007 the infant has been living in its adoptive group for 19 months. These data document the first case of adoption in this genus; they suggest that infant recognition is poorly developed in this species and that under certain circumstances wild groups of C.nigrifrons can successfully rear twins. In our study population reproductive females give birth to one infant every year; the only case when this has not happened is with the group that adopted the infant, suggesting that adoption may generate a reproductive cost.

Keywords

Adoption Black-fronted titi monkey Callicebus nigrifrons Reproductive cost 

References

  1. Bukacinski D, Bukacinski M, Lubjuhn T (2000) Adoption of chicks and the level of relatedness common gull, Larus canus, colonies: DNA fingerprinting analyses. Anim Behav 59:289–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Clutton-Brock TH, Albon SD, Guinness FE (1989) Fitness costs of gestation and lactation in wild mammals. Nature 337:260–262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fuccillo R, Scucchi S, Troisi A, D’Amato FR (1983) Newborn adoption in a confined group of Japanese macaques. Am J Primatol 5:257–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Heiduck S (1997) Food choice in masked titi monkeys (Callicebus personatus melanochir): selectivity or opportunism? Int J Primatol 18:487–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Heiduck S (2002) The use of disturbed and undisturbed forest by masked titi monkeys Callicebus personatus melanochir is proportional to food availability. Oryx 36:133–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Izar P, Verderane MP, Visalberghi E, Ottoni EB, Oliveira MG, Shirley J, Fragaszy D (2006) Cross-genus adoption of a marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) by wild capuchin monkeys (Cebus libidinosus): case report. Am J Primatol 68:692–700PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Knogge C, Heymann EW (1996) Field observation of twinning in the dusky titi monkey, Callicebus cupreus. Folia Primatol 65:118–120Google Scholar
  8. König B, Riester J, Mark H (1988) Maternal care in house mice (Mus musculus): II the energy cost of lactation as a function of litter size. J Zool 216:195–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lee PC (1996) The meanings of weaning: growth, lactation, and life history. Evol Anthropol 5:87–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Maestripieri D (2001) Is there mother–infant bonding in primates? Dev Rev 21:93–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Marcolino CP, Young RJ, Cäsar CD (2006) Avaliação comportamental de Callicebus nigrifrons em resposta à introdução de indivíduos para formação de novos grupos em cativeiro. In: Lobato W, Sabino CVS, de Abreu JF (eds) Destaques 2005 Iniciação Científica. Belo Horizonte: Editora PUCMINAS, pp 85–98Google Scholar
  12. Schino G, Aureli F, D’Amato FR, D’Antoni M, Pandolfi N, Troisi A (1993) Infant kidnapping and co-mothering in Japanese macaques. Am J Primatol 30:257–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Valeggia CR, Mendoza SP, Fernandez-Duque E, Mason WA, Lasley B (1998) Reproductive biology of female titi monkeys (Callicebus moloch). Am J Primatol 47:183–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre and Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Conservation, Ecology and Animal Behaviour Group, Prédio 41, Mestrado em ZoologiaPontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

Personalised recommendations