First report of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’ associated with pepper chlorosis of sweet pepper, Capsicum annuum L., in Japan
- 73 Downloads
In June 2017, sweet pepper plants showing chlorosis in leaves and fruits were observed in Susaki City, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. We had named the disease pepper chlorosis (Tairyoku-byo). A phytoplasma was observed by electron microscopy and identified as ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’, based on homology searches and molecular phylogeny using nucleotide sequences of 16S rDNA. To our knowledge, this is the first report showing the occurrence of ‘Ca. P. solani’ in Japan.
Keywords‘Candidatus phytoplasma solani’ Pepper chlorosis Sweet pepper
We thank Dr. Shigetou Namba, The University of Tokyo, for helpful advice.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and animal rights
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
- Delić D, Contaldo N, Lolić B, Moravčević D, Bertaccini A (2016) First report of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’ in pepper and celery in Bosnia and Herzegovina. J Plant Pathol 98:184Google Scholar
- Maixner M (1994) Transmission of German grapevine yellows (Vergilbungskrankheit) by the planthopper Hyalesthes obsoletus (Auchenorrhyncha: Cixiidae). Vitis 33:103–104Google Scholar
- Namba S, Oyaizu H, Kato S, Iwanami S, Tsuchizaki T (1993) Phylogenetic diversity of phytopathogenic mycoplasmalike organisms. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 43:461–467Google Scholar
- Saitou N, Nei M (1987) The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biol Evol 4:406–425Google Scholar
- The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology (2006) Major insect and other pests of economic plants in Japan, revised version. The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology, TokyoGoogle Scholar