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Evaluation of various cultivars of Actinidia species and breeding source Actinidia rufa for resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3

  • Gan Kisaki
  • Sawa Tanaka
  • Ayumi Ishihara
  • Chika Igarashi
  • Takayuki Morimoto
  • Kohei Hamano
  • Atsuko Endo
  • Saeko Sugita-Konishi
  • Mitsuaki Tabuchi
  • Kenji Gomi
  • Kazuya Ichimura
  • Katsuhiko Suezawa
  • Mamoru Otani
  • Tetsuo Fukuda
  • Tetsuro Manabe
  • Toshio Fujimura
  • Ikuo Kataoka
  • Kazuya Akimitsu
Bacterial and Phytoplasma Diseases

Abstract

Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae causes kiwifruit bacterial canker, which seriously harms or kills plants, in many countries. After the first appearance of P. syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3, having the strongest virulence among all biovars of this pathogen, in Japanese orchards in 2014, the disease spread widely and damaged plants across the nation within a few years. Since introduction of resistant cultivars is the best approach to control the disease, we examined the responses of nine kiwifruit cultivars and six collection lines used as genetic resources for breeding after infiltration of detached leaves with P. syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3. All cultivars had different degrees of resistance to the pathogen, and collection lines of Actinidia rufa and cultivar Kosui crossed with A. rufa and A. chinensis showed significant resistance. Our investigation revealed that A. rufa is an excellent genetic source for kiwifruit breeding.

Keywords

Kiwifruit Bacterial canker Psa3 Disease resistance Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae Actinidia rufa 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge Shinichi Shimizu, Fruit Tree Research Center, Ehime Research Institute of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ehime Prefecture for valuable advice on developing evaluation methods and identifying P. syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 3 and Daniel G. Panaccione for English editing. This research was supported by grants from the Project of the NARO Bio-oriented Technology Research Advancement Institution (the special scheme project on regional developing strategy) (No. 16822474).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal rights statement

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gan Kisaki
    • 1
  • Sawa Tanaka
    • 2
  • Ayumi Ishihara
    • 2
  • Chika Igarashi
    • 2
  • Takayuki Morimoto
    • 2
  • Kohei Hamano
    • 1
  • Atsuko Endo
    • 3
  • Saeko Sugita-Konishi
    • 2
  • Mitsuaki Tabuchi
    • 2
  • Kenji Gomi
    • 2
  • Kazuya Ichimura
    • 2
  • Katsuhiko Suezawa
    • 1
  • Mamoru Otani
    • 1
  • Tetsuo Fukuda
    • 1
  • Tetsuro Manabe
    • 1
  • Toshio Fujimura
    • 3
  • Ikuo Kataoka
    • 2
  • Kazuya Akimitsu
    • 2
  1. 1.Kagawa Prefectural Fuchu Fruit Research InstituteKagawa Prefectural Agricultural Experiment StationSakaideJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureKagawa UniversityMikiJapan
  3. 3.Plant Protection OfficeKagawa Prefecture Agricultural Experiment StationAyagawaJapan

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