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Journal of General Plant Pathology

, Volume 78, Issue 5, pp 316–330 | Cite as

Colletotrichum carthami comb. nov., an anthracnose pathogen of safflower, garland chrysanthemum and pot marigold, revived by molecular phylogeny with authentic herbarium specimens

  • Seiji Uematsu
  • Koji Kageyama
  • Jouji Moriwaki
  • Toyozo SatoEmail author
Fungal Diseases

Abstract

Authentic herbarium specimens of Gloeosporium carthami and G. chrysanthemi as well as live Colletotrichum strains from Carthamus tinctorius, Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spatiosum, and Calendula officinalis were judged to be conspecific based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic analyses. Representative strains from three asteraceous plants were demonstrated by inoculation tests to possess specific pathogenicity to the host plants. We propose a new combination, Colletotrichum carthami, for the anthracnose pathogen of the asteraceous plants, designating our specimen of G. carthami as its epitype. We characterize the species, which differs from the closely related Colletotrichum simmondsii in its pathogenicity and molecular characteristics.

Keywords

Gloeosporium chrysanthemi Epitype β-Tubulin-2 gene Carthamus tinctorius Chrysanthemum coronarium var. spatiosum Calendula officinalis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was sponsored by research grants from the NIAS Genebank Project in 2003 and Research and Development Projects for Application in Promoting New Policy of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan. We are grateful to Professor Dr. Hideki Takahashi, Hokkaido University Museum, for loaning herbarium specimens of G. carthami and G. chrysanthemi; Dr. Toshihiro Kajiwara for providing valuable suggestions and encouragement; Mr. Hiroei Kanno, Miyagi Prefectural Government, for providing the fungal strain from garland chrysanthemum, Dr. Urlike Damm, Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, for sharing information on the phylogenetic placement of C. carthami; Dr. Kei Sugawara, Yamagata Prefectural Agricultural Technique Improvement Research Office, for the gift of safflower seeds; Dr. Tomiichi Takeda, Yamagata General Agricultural Research Center, for help with the collection of fungal materials; Ms. Kayoko Otsubo for technical support; Ms. Miki Kato, Mr. Haruhiko Kagawa, Mr. Yoshiyuki Ebihara, and Mr. Yoshihiko Kanegae of Chiba Prefectural Agriculture and Forestry Research Center and Ms. Silvia M. Kato of Assoiacao dos Floricultores da Regiao Dutra, Brasil, for assistance in morphological observation and inoculations.

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Copyright information

© The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seiji Uematsu
    • 1
  • Koji Kageyama
    • 2
  • Jouji Moriwaki
    • 3
  • Toyozo Sato
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Southern Prefectural Horticulture InstituteChiba Prefectural Agriculture and Forestry Research CenterTateyamaJapan
  2. 2.River Basin Research CenterGifu UniversityGifuJapan
  3. 3.Horticultural Research InstituteToyama Prefectural Agricultural, Forestry & Fisheries Research CenterTonamiJapan
  4. 4.National Institute of Agrobiological SciencesTsukubaJapan

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