First report of fig mosaic virus infecting common fig (Ficus carica) in Japan
For the first time, fig mosaic virus (FMV) was detected in common fig (Ficus carica) trees in Shimane, Japan. These trees exhibited mosaic, ringspots, or distortion, accompanied by chlorosis on leaves and yellow spots on fruits. Some of the symptomatic trees were infested with the eriophyid mite Aceria ficus. The virus was detected based on RT-PCR, followed by sequencing. The amplified 300 base-pair fragments shared 83.5–91.5% identity with the corresponding region of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene of FMV isolates previously reported in Turkey, Iran, and Italy.
KeywordsCommon fig Ficus carica L. Fig mosaic disease (FMD) Fig mosaic virus (FMV)
This work was supported by the Program for Promotion of Basic Research Activities for Innovative Bioscience (PROBRAIN).
- Blodgett EC, Gomec B (1967) Fig mosaic. Plant Dis Rep 51:893–896Google Scholar
- Castellano MA, Gattoni G, Minafra A, Conti M, Martelli GP (2007) Fig mosaic in Mexico and South Africa. J Plant Pathol 89:441–444Google Scholar
- Condit IJ, Horne WT (1933) A mosaic of the fig in California. Phytopathology 23:887–896Google Scholar
- Elbeaino T, Digiaro M, De Stradi A, Martelli GP (2007) Identification of a second member of the family Closteroviridae in mosaic-disease figs. J Plant Pathol 89:119–124Google Scholar
- Flock RA, Wallace JM (1955) Transmission of fig mosaic by eriophyid mite Aceria ficus. Phytopathology 45:52–54Google Scholar
- Gattoni G, Minafra A, Castellano MA, De Stradis A, Boscia D, Elbeaino T, Digiaro M, Martelli GP (2009) Some properties of fig latent virus 1, a new member of the family Flexiviridae. J Plant Pathol 91:555–564Google Scholar
- Hotta M, Ogata K, Nitta A, Hoshikawa K, Yanagi M, Yamazaki K (1989) Useful plants of the world (in Japanese). Heibonsya, Tokyo, pp 457–458Google Scholar
- Komuro Y (1962) Viruses infecting fruit trees (in Japanese). Res Bull Plant Prot Jpn 16:255–257Google Scholar
- Namba S, Yamashita S, Doi Y, Yora K (1979) A virus member of the genus Carlavirus found in fig leaves showing mosaic symptoms (abstract in Japanese). Ann Phytopathol Soc Jpn 45:85Google Scholar
- Nitta H, Imada J, Kano T, Nakamoto K, Ogasawara S (1995) Occurrence and cause of fig mosaic symptoms in Hiroshima Prefecture (in Japanese with English summary). Bull Hiroshima Pref Agric Res Cent 62:53–65Google Scholar