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Journal of General Plant Pathology

, Volume 74, Issue 2, pp 182–184 | Cite as

First report of a Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid disease on tomato plants in Japan

  • Yosuke Matsushita
  • Ayami Kanda
  • Tomio Usugi
  • Shinya TsudaEmail author
Disease Note

Abstract

A viroid disease causing chlorosis of leaves and dwarfism was found on commercial tomato plants in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Grafting of stems from infected plants onto healthy plants resulted in the same symptoms on the healthy plants. Small RNAs were isolated from infected plant tissue and caused identical symptoms by 3–4 week after mechanical inoculation of tomato seedlings. Nucleotide sequencing indicated that the causal pathogen was Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid (TCDVd) sharing 98% nucleotide sequence identity with that of a Canadian isolate reported previously. This description is the first of TCDVd infection of tomato plants in Japan.

Keywords

Solanum lycopersicon Mechanical transmission PCR Tomato chlorotic dwarf viroid 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to S. Matsuura, Hiroshima Prefectural Agriculture Research Center, for helpful comments and discussion. This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid of the Research Project for Utilizing Advanced Technologies in Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, administered by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in Japan.

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Copyright information

© The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yosuke Matsushita
    • 1
  • Ayami Kanda
    • 2
  • Tomio Usugi
    • 2
  • Shinya Tsuda
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.National Institute of Floricultural ScienceTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.National Agricultural Research CenterTsukubaJapan

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