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Journal of General Plant Pathology

, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 98–103 | Cite as

Burkholderia gladioli associated with symptoms of bacterial grain rot and leaf-sheath browning of rice plants

  • Hiroyuki Ura
  • Naruto FuruyaEmail author
  • Kazuhiro Iiyama
  • Masatomo Hidaka
  • Kenichi Tsuchiya
  • Nobuaki Matsuyama
BACTERIAL AND PHYTOPLASMA DISEASES

Abstract

Rice plants with bacterial leaf-sheath browning and grain rot were observed in Fukuoka Prefecture in Japan during the autumn seasons of 1995 and 1996. Burkholderia spp. were consistently isolated from the infected leaf sheaths and grains. These isolates were pathogenic and induced symptoms of seedling rot, grain rot, and leaf-sheath browning in rice plants, as well as in some orchidaceous plants (cymbidium, dendrobium, and oncidium leaves), gladiolus leaves, and onion bulbs. On the basis of morphological, physiological and pathological tests, and species-specific polymerase chain reaction, the isolates were identified as belonging to either Burkholderia glumae or Burkholderia gladioli. B. gladioli, as well as B. glumae, attacked rice plants after artificial inoculation and reproduced the symptoms similar to those after natural infections. We confirmed that rice is an additional natural host of B. gladioli. It is clarified that bacterial grain rot of rice is caused not only by B. glumae but also by B. gladioli.

Key words

Burkholderia gladioli Burkholderia glumae Leaf-sheath browning Rice 

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Copyright information

© The Phytopathological Society of Japan and Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroyuki Ura
    • 1
  • Naruto Furuya
    • 2
    Email author
  • Kazuhiro Iiyama
    • 2
  • Masatomo Hidaka
    • 2
  • Kenichi Tsuchiya
    • 3
  • Nobuaki Matsuyama
    • 4
  1. 1.Fukuoka Agricultural Research CenterFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan
  3. 3.National Agricultural Research Center for Western RegionZentsujiJapan
  4. 4.Faculty of Regional AgricultureTokyo University of AgricultureAtsugiJapan

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