Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 129–150 | Cite as

Water monitoring using polymer inclusion membranes: a review

  • Bambang KuswandiEmail author
  • Fidelis Nitti
  • M. Inês G. S. Almeida
  • Spas D. Kolev


Water monitoring by conventional analytical methods is often complicated, time-consuming and laborious, requiring highly skilled personnel, thus calling for simpler, rapid and cost-effective methods. Polymer inclusion membranes (PIM) are of interest in environmental analysis due to their selectivity and sensitivity for the detection of a wide range of analytes such as metals. PIM have been used in the development of passive sampling, analyte separation and preconcentration, and sensing. PIM are also suitable for the automation of chemical analysis. Here we review PIM applications in environmental water monitoring.


Polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) Passive sampling Sample pretreatment Sensors Environmental water monitoring 



The authors thank the NDT programme of IDB Project 2018 of the University of Jember Indonesia and World Class Professor (WCP) Scheme B 2019, No. T/50/D2.3/KK.04.05/2019, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia, for providing fellowship to BK to visit Kolev Group at the School of Chemistry, The University of Melbourne.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemo and Biosensors Group, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of JemberJemberIndonesia
  2. 2.School of ChemistryThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and EngineeringUniversity of Nusa CendanaKupangIndonesia

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