Sorbents for hydrogen sulfide capture from biogas at low temperature: a review

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Biogas, e.g., biomethane, is produced by fermentation of organic matter and can be used as an alternative fuel or as a raw material for the production of hydrogen and syngas. However, biogas includes hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as a byproduct of fermentation. Hydrogen sulfide is toxic, has a foul odor, corrodes equipments, and deactivates catalysts. Thus, hydrogen sulfide has to be removed before biogas combustion or conversion. Compared with classical wet desulfurization, low-temperature dry desulfurization is of interest due to higher desulfurization, simpler operation, less pollution, and less energy consumption. Here, we review solid sorbents for low-temperature biogas desulfurization, such as activated carbon, metal-exchanged zeolites, single metal oxides, composite metal oxides, ordered mesoporous silica, and metal–organic frameworks.

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Activated carbon




Engelhard titanosilicate-2


Three-dimensionally ordered macropore


Density functional theory


Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy


Electron spin resonance


Field emission scanning electron microscopy


Mobil composition of matters




Matériaux Institut Lavoisier


Metal–organic frameworks


Michigan State University


Multiwall carbon nanotubes


Oil fly ash


Porous carbon spheres




Santa Barbara amorphous material


Scanning electron microscope


Transmission electron microscope


Toxic industrial chemicals




Temperature programmed desorption




Volatile organic compounds


X-ray diffraction


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This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51576094; U1710108) and the Fund for Senior Personnel of Jiangsu University (18JDG017).

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Correspondence to Yangxian Liu.

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Liu, D., Li, B., Wu, J. et al. Sorbents for hydrogen sulfide capture from biogas at low temperature: a review. Environ Chem Lett 18, 113–128 (2020) doi:10.1007/s10311-019-00925-6

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  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Biogas
  • Desulfurization
  • Ordered mesoporous silica
  • Metal–organic frameworks