Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 1769–1785 | Cite as

Toxicity, residue, degradation and detection methods of the insecticide triazophos

  • Fang-Wei Yang
  • Yi-Xuan Li
  • Fa-Zheng Ren
  • Ran WangEmail author
  • Guo-Fang PangEmail author


Organophosphorus pesticides were widely used in agricultural production and in public health as insecticides and acaricides. Triazophos, an organophosphorus insecticide widely used in developing countries, has been found in agricultural products and the environment. Additionally, triazophos is toxic for aquatic organisms and poses a  risk of dietary exposure. This article reviews the toxicity, the residues in agricultural products, water and soil, exposure risk, metabolism, microbial degradation, hydrolysis, and photolytic and detection methods of triazophos. Commonly used methods for triazophos detection include chromatography-mass spectrometry and rapid methods based on antigen–antibody reactions. China had made many advances in studying triazophos-degrading bacteria and rapid detection methods of triazophos residues. We also found that triazophos causes oxidative stress, cell damage and tissue injury in animals through neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, reproductive toxicity and genotoxicity.


Triazophos Organophosphorus insecticide Toxicity Exposure risk Degradation 



This work was financially supported by the National Key Research & Development Program of China (Grant Number 2017YFC1601800) and the Beijing Science and Technology Project (Grant Number Z181100009318005).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Food Science and Nutritional EngineeringChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Functional Dairy, Co-constructed by Ministry of Education and Beijing Government, and Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and SafetyChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Chinese Academy of Inspection and QuarantineBeijingChina

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