Synthesis of carboxylic dithiocarbamic anhydride and substituted thiourea derivatives in water
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The use of water as a solvent has sometimes benefits such as improving reactivities and selectivities, simplifying work-up procedures, and environmentally benign. Many carboxylic dithiocarbamic anhydride products are valuable building blocks in heterocycles and natural products. Here we present a simple one-pot synthesis of carboxylic dithiocarbamic anhydride by condensation of amines, carbon disulfide, acyl halide, or acetic anhydride in water. We obtained a variety of biologically important acyl dithiocarbamate derivatives in 82–93% yields in 10–30 min. This procedure can be used for the synthesis of thioureas from dithiocarbamates. Here, the sequential, one-pot three-component reaction of amines, carbon disulfide, and isothiocyanates provides unsymmetrical substituted thioureas in 81–91% yields.
KeywordsDithiocarbamic anhydride Dithiocarbamate Isothiocyanate Thiourea Water chemistry
Financial support of this work by the Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran is gratefully appreciated.