Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 969–1007 | Cite as

Microwave-enhanced advanced oxidation processes for the degradation of dyes in water

  • Priyanshu Verma
  • Sujoy Kumar Samanta


Contamination of water bodies with dyes has become a serious global concern affecting the whole biosphere. Microwave irradiation and advanced oxidation processes (AOP) have recently gained importance as efficient remediation methods. Indeed, microwave offers special features such as fast, uniform, selective and controlled heating that result in a rapid reaction rate, whereas advanced oxidation processes are able to mineralize any organic pollutant. Here we review microwave-enhanced advanced oxidation processes for the removal or degradation of synthetic dyes, and we compare with conventional treatment methods. We found that microwave-enhanced AOP improve the efficiency of dye degradation. However, cost analyses reveal an economic limitation of microwave-enhanced processes.


Microwave Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) Dyes Microwave-enhanced processes Wastewater treatment Cost analysis 



The authors would like to thank Indian Institute of Technology Delhi for providing some required soft information for this study. The authors would also like to express their regard and appreciation to the research community whose scientific data and research findings as published in their referred studies have been used to add a great value and substance to this review article. Finally, the authors are very grateful to the anonymous reviewers and Prof. Eric Lichtfouse, Chief Editor of Environmental Chemistry Letters for their constructive comments/suggestions that have benefitted us substantially to improvise the quality of this review article.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology PatnaBihta, PatnaIndia

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