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Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 23–27 | Cite as

Nanomaterials for water pollution monitoring and remediation

  • Xing-yan Xue
  • Rong ChengEmail author
  • Lei Shi
  • Zhong Ma
  • Xiang ZhengEmail author
Review

Abstract

Water shortage and pollution are serious challenges for many countries. Nanomaterials are promising new tools for water quality management due to unique physicochemical properties, high economic benefit, high removal efficiency and environmental friendliness. Here we describe four types of nanomaterials used for water treatment: nanofiltration membranes, photocatalytic nanomaterials, adsorption nanomaterials and reducing nanomaterials. We discuss their properties, applications and mechanisms for pollutant removal. We also review nanomaterials used for water quality monitoring, notably nanomaterials used for the detection of trace pollutants and pathogens. These nanomaterials include carbon nanotubes, magnetic nanoparticles, noble metal nanomaterials and quantum dots.

Keywords

Nanomaterials Water treatment Wastewater treatment Monitoring 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the Research Funds of Renmin University of China (Grant No. 11XNK016), which are greatly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and Natural ResourcesRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

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