Depollution of indigo dye by anodic oxidation and electro-Fenton using B-doped diamond anode
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Hazardous wastes are generated in the synthesis of dyes and pigments applied in industries. Efficient methods are thus needed to clean wastewaters. Here, we use anodic oxidation and electro-Fenton with B-doped diamond anode to degrade the synthetic dye indigo in aqueous sodium dithionite. Results show the near-complete mineralization of the dye within 80 min at 500 mA. Mineralization was faster by electro-Fenton than anodic oxidation. The second-order rate constant (k) for the reaction of indigo with ·OH was measured as 4.03 × 109 M−1 s−1 at pH 3.0 and was compared with the rate constants of reactions between dyes and ·OH. The results clearly demonstrate that both electro-Fenton and anodic oxidation can be used to depollute dyes in textile effluent with high efficiency and low cost. The main oxidant, ·OH, being a non-selective reagent, the method could be applied to degrade other organic pollutants.
KeywordsDye Indigo Degradation Hydroxyl radical Mineralization Electrochemical processes
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