Environmental Chemistry Letters

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 225–237 | Cite as

Remediation technologies using cyclodextrins: an overview

  • David Landy
  • Isabelle Mallard
  • Anne Ponchel
  • Eric Monflier
  • Sophie FourmentinEmail author


Nowadays, the human activity and the modern way of life are responsible for the increase of the environmental pollution. Industrial processes generate a variety of molecules that may pollute air, water, and soils due to negative impacts for ecosystems and humans. The development of innovative remediation technologies has thus emerged as a significant environmental priority. Within this scope, supramolecular chemistry, which is a recent discipline, could provide solutions. In particular, cyclodextrins (CDs) are a family of cyclic oligosaccharides having a low-polarity cavity in which organic compounds of appropriate shape and size can form inclusion complexes. This unique property makes them suitable for application in environmental protection. Here, we review the use of cyclodextrins and cyclodextrin derivatives in remediation technologies. Accordingly, the present review shows the advantages of using CDs in soil, groundwater, wastewater, and atmosphere remediation. Resulting processes are highly versatile, since the complexing ability of CD is applicable to a wide range of pollutants. They may also been referred to green processes, according to the CD innocuity. Moreover, as inclusion phenomena correspond to reversible equilibriums, a major trend in the CD environmental application field is to develop methods, which combine supramolecular chemistry and irreversible processes, as advanced oxidation or biodegradation. Such processes might lead to a complete remediation of pollutants and eventually to the CD recycling.


Cyclodextrins Remediation Soil Water Atmosphere Degradation Pollutants 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Landy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Isabelle Mallard
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anne Ponchel
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Eric Monflier
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sophie Fourmentin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Univ Lille Nord de FranceLilleFrance
  2. 2.ULCO, UCEIVDunkerqueFrance
  3. 3.UArtois, UCCS, Faculté des Sciences Jean Perrin, Rue Jean SouvrazLens CedexFrance
  4. 4.CNRS, UMRLilleFrance

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