Journal of Forest Research

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 121–128 | Cite as

Remote sensing analysis of forest damage by selection logging in the Kabaung Reserved Forest, Bago Mountains, Myanmar

  • Rosy Ne Win
  • Reiji Suzuki
  • Shinya Takeda
Original Article


Selection logging is a principal management scheme in natural teak-bearing forests in Myanmar. Monitoring the spatial extent and intensity of selection logging is important for sustainable forest management. This study applied the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) image differencing method using two SPOT-5 pan-sharpened images (2.5 m spatial resolution) taken in October 2007 and January 2009 to analyze canopy changes associated with damage from forest harvesting. According to the pixel-based analysis, NDVI changes were larger in most logging road/log landing points whereas smaller NDVI changes were seen in most unlogged points. NDVI changes in teak stump areas were related to distance from a logging road and the number of stumps within the estimated crown area (a circular area with a 10 m radius from the center of each stump). A Fisher’s exact test showed that one of the main factors causing the high NDVI change in teak stump areas was the effect of road construction. The distribution pattern of teak stumps indicated that teak stumps with estimated crown areas that contained more than one stump had high mean change in NDVI. The spectral difference between before and after logging revealed that logging roads had a greater effect on canopy changes than teak stumps.


Canopy change Image differencing method Myanmar selection system NDVI Teak 



This study was financially supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the JSPS (21255003, and 20710189) and the JSPS Global COE Program (E-04). We would like to express our thanks to the Forest Department, Myanmar Timber Enterprise, Myanmar and villagers of Kayinmathe village for their support and collaboration during the field work.


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Forest Society and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Asian and African Area StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Sustainability Science and Center for Southeast Asian StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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