Advertisement

Journal of Forest Research

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 337–344 | Cite as

Introduced Eucalyptus psyllids in Brazil

  • Dalva Luiz de Queiroz Santana
  • Daniel Burckhardt
Special Feature: Review Alien pests threatening biodiversity of forest ecosystems

Abstract

In the last 10 years, four species of psyllid were detected in Brazil on eucalypts: Ctenarytaina spatulata in 1994, Blastopsylla occidentalis in 1997, Ctenarytaina eucalypti in 1998 and Glycaspis brimblecombei in 2003. The latter two are serious pests in several countries. In Brazil, G. brimblecombei caused significant damage to the eucalypt plantations in the first years of its introduction. Now this pest is under control due to the programmes of integrated pest management, where the parasitoid is the principal control agent. The four eucalypt psyllid species introduced into Brazil are presented with information on distribution, hosts, biology and control.

Keywords

Blastopsylla occidentalis Ctenarytaina eucalypti Ctenarytaina spatulata Eucalypt pests Glycaspis brimblecombei 

References

  1. Azevedo F, Figo ML (1979) Ctenarytaina eucalypti Mask. (Homoptera, Psyllidae) (in Spanish). Bol Serv Plagas 5:41–46Google Scholar
  2. Berti Filho E, Costa VA, Zuparko RL, LaSalle J (2003) Ocorrência de Psyllaephagus bliteus/quadricyclus Riek (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) no Brasil (in Portuguese). Rev Agric 78:304Google Scholar
  3. Bouvet JPR, Harrand L, Burckhardt D (2005) Primera cita de Blastopsylla occidentalis y Glycaspis brimblecombei (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) para la República Argentina (in Spanish with English abstract). Rev Soc Entomol Argent 64:99–102Google Scholar
  4. Brennan EB, Gill RJ, Hrusa GF, Weinbaum SA (1999) First record of Glycaspis brimblecombei (Moore) (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in North America: initial observations and predator associations of a potentially serious new pest of Eucalyptus in California. Pan-Pac Entomol 75:55–57Google Scholar
  5. Brennan EB, Hrusa GF, Weinbaum SA, Levison W Jr (2001) Resistance of Eucalyptus species to Glycaspis brimblecombei (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in the San Francisco by area. Pan-Pac Entomol 77:249–253Google Scholar
  6. Burckhardt D (1991) Boreioglycaspis and Spondyliaspidine classification (Homoptera: Psyllodia). Raffles Bull Zool 39:15–52Google Scholar
  7. Burckhardt D (1994) Psylloid pests of temperate and subtropical crop and ornamental plants (Hemiptera, Psylloidea): a review. Trends Agric Sci Entomol 2:173–186Google Scholar
  8. Burckhardt D (1998) Ctenarytaina eucalypti (Maskell) (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) neu für Mitteleuropa mit Bemerkungen zur Blattflohfauna von Eucalyptus (in German). Mitt Ent Ges Basel 48:59–67Google Scholar
  9. Burckhardt D (2005) Biology, ecology and evolution of gall-inducing psyllds (Hemiptera: Psylloidea). In: Raman A, Schaefer CA, Withers TM (eds) Biology, ecology and evolution of gall-inducing arthropods. Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, USA, pp 143–157Google Scholar
  10. Burckhardt D, Elgueta M (2000) Blastopsylla occidentalis Taylor (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), a new introduced eucalypt pest in Chile. Rev Chilena Ent 26:57–61Google Scholar
  11. Burckhardt D, Mühlethaler R (2003) Exotische Elemente der Schweizer Blattflohfauna (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) mit einer Liste weiterer potentieller Arten (in German). Mitt Ent Ges Basel 53:98–110Google Scholar
  12. Burckhardt D, Santana DLQ, Terra AL, Andrade FM, Penteado SRC, Iede ET, Morey CS (1999) Psyllid pests (Hemiptera, Psylloidea): in South American eucalypt plantations. Mitt Schweiz Ent Ges 72:1–10Google Scholar
  13. Cadahia D (1980) Proximidad de dos nuevos enemigos de los Eucalyptus en España (in Spanish). Bol Serv Plagas 6:165–192Google Scholar
  14. Collet N (2001) Biology and control of psyllids, and the possible causes for defoliation of Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh (river red gum) in south-eastern Australia—a review. Aust For 64:88–95Google Scholar
  15. Dahlsten DL (2003) Biological control of the red gum lerp psyllid, aspects of eucalyptus species in California. Center of biological control, University of California, 5p. http://www.cnr.berkeley.edu/biocon/dahlsten/rglp/ Cited 2 Aug 2005
  16. Dahlsten DL, Hansen EP, Zuparko RL, Norgaard RB (1998a) Biological control of the blue gum psyllid proves economically beneficial. Calif Agric 52:35–40Google Scholar
  17. Dahlsten DL, Rowney DL, Copper WA, Tassan RL, Chaney WE, Robb KL, Tjosvold S, Bianchi M, Lane P (1998b) Parasitoid wasp controls blue gum psyllid. Calif Agric 52:31–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dreistadt SH, Dahlsten DL (2007) Pest notes: Psyllids. UC ANR Publication 7423. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7423.html Cited April 10, 2007
  19. Durán PM, Baldini Urrutia A (2001) Dos nuevos psilidos en Chile: Ctenarytaina eucalypti y Blastopsylla occidentalis. CONAF, Santiago, Chile, p 34 (in Spanish)Google Scholar
  20. Hodkinson ID (1984) The biology and ecology of the gall-forming Psylloidea (Homoptera). In: Ananthakrishnan TN (ed) Biology of gall insects. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, India, pp 59–77Google Scholar
  21. Hodkinson ID (1988) The Neartic Psylloidea (Insecta: Homoptera): an annotated check list. J Nat Hist 22:1179–1243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hodkinson ID (1991) First record of the Australian psyllid Blastopsylla occidentalis Taylor (Homoptera; Psylloidea) on Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) in Mexico. Pan-Pac Entomol 67:72Google Scholar
  23. Hodkinson ID (1999) Biocontrol of eucalyptus psyllid Ctenarytaina eucalypti by the Australian parasitoid Psyllaephagus pilosus: a review of current programmes and their success. Bioc News Inf 20:129–134Google Scholar
  24. Hollis D (2004) Australian Psylloidea: jumping plantlice and lerp insects. CSIRO, Canberra, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  25. Iede ET, Leite MSP, Penteado SRC, Maia F (1997) Ctenarytaina sp. (Homoptera: Psilidae) associada a plantios de Eucalyptus sp. em Arapoti, PR (in Portuguese). In: Proceedings of the 16th Congresso Brasileiro de Entomologia, Salvador, Resumos, Brazil, p 253Google Scholar
  26. Maschio LMA, Andrade FM, Leite MSP, Bellote AFJ, Ferreira CA, Iede ET, Nardelli AMB, Auer CG, Grigolleti A Jr, Wiechetek M (1997) Seca dos ponteiros do eucalipto em Arapoti-PR./Dryout of eucalipt buds in Arapoti, PR (in Portuguese). In: IUFRO conference on silviculture and improvement of Eucalypts, Salvador, Brazil, pp 353–359Google Scholar
  27. Meza PA, Baldini AR (2001) El psilido de los eucaliptos Ctenarytaina eucalypti Maskell (1890) (Hemiptera, Psyllidae). CONAF, Santiago, Chile, p 21 (in Spanish)Google Scholar
  28. Paine TD, Dreistadt SH, Garrison RW, Gill RJ (2007) Eucalyptus redgum lerp psyllid. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu Cited April 10, 2007
  29. Santana DLQ (2003) Ctenarytaina spatulata Taylor, 1997 (Hemiptera: Psyllidae): morfologia, biologia, dinâmica, resistência e danos em Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden. Doctorate Thesis, Universidade Federal do paraná, Curitiba, BrazilGoogle Scholar
  30. Santana DLQ, Zanol KMR (2005) Morfologia externa das ninfas e adultos de Ctenarytaina spatulata Taylor (Hemiptera, Psyllidae) (in Portuguese with English summary). Rev Bras Entomol 49:340–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Santana DLQ, Zanol KMR (2006) Biologia de Ctenarytaina spatulata Taylor, 1997 (Hemiptera, Psyllidae) em Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden (in Portuguese). Acta Biol Parana 35:47–62Google Scholar
  32. Santana DLQ, Andrade FM, Bellote AFJ, Grigoletti A Jr (1999) Associação de Ctenarytaina spatulata e de teores de Magnésio foliar com a seca dos ponteiros de Eucayptus grandis (in Portuguese). Bol Pesq Fl 39:41–49Google Scholar
  33. Santana DLQ, Menezes AO, Bizzi RM (2002) Ocorrência de Psyllaephagus sp. (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) parasitando Ctenarytaina eucalypti (Maskell) (Homoptera Psyllidae) no Brasil (in Portuguese). In: Proceedings of the 19th Congresso Brasileiro de Entomologia, Manaus, Resumos, Brazil, p 149Google Scholar
  34. Santana DLQ, Bellote AFJ, Dedecek RA (2003a) Ctenarytaina spatulata, Taylor: Água no solo, Nutrientes minerais e suas interações com a seca dos ponteiros de eucalipto (in Portuguese). Bol Pesq Fl 46:57–67Google Scholar
  35. Santana DLQ, Menezes AO, Silva HD, Bellote AFJ, Favaro RM (2003b) O psilídeo-de-concha (Glycaspis brimblecombei) em eucalipto. Embrapa Florestas (Comunicado Técnico), p 3Google Scholar
  36. Santana DLQ, Carvalho RCZ, Favaro RM, Almeida LM (2004) Glycaspis brimblecombei (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) e seus inimigos naturais no Paraná (in Portuguese). In: Proceedings of the 20th Congresso Brasileiro de Entomologia, Gramado, Brazil, p 450Google Scholar
  37. Santana DLQ, Zanol KMR, Botosso PPC, Mattos PP (2005) Danos causadas por Ctenarytaina spatulata Taylor, 1977 (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) em Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden (in Portuguese). Bol Pesq Fl 50:11–24Google Scholar
  38. Taylor KL (1985) Australian psyllids: A new genus of Ctenarytainini (Homoptera: Psylloidea) on Eucalyptus, with nine new species. J Aust Ent Soc 24:17–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Taylor KL (1990) The tribe Ctenarytainini (Hemiptera: Psylloidea): a key to known Australian genera, with new species and two new genera. Invertebr Taxon 4:95–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Taylor KL (1997) A new Australian species of Ctenarytaina Ferris and Klyver (Hemiptera: Psyllidae: Spondyliaspidinae) established in three other countries. Aust J Entomol 36:113–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Valente C, Manta A, Vaz A (2004) First record of the Australian psyllid Ctenarytaina spatulata Taylor (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in Europe. J Appl Entomol 128:369–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. White TCR (1969) An index to measure weather-induced stress on trees associated with outbreaks of psyllids in Australia. Ecology 50:905–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zondag R (1982) Ctenarytaina eucalypti (Maskell) (Hemiptera, Psyllidae) Blue-gum Psyllid. In: Forest and timber insects in New Zealand, No.53, Forest Research Institute and New Zealand Forest Service, Wellington, p 4Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japanese Forest Society and Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dalva Luiz de Queiroz Santana
    • 1
  • Daniel Burckhardt
    • 2
  1. 1.Forest Entomology, Embrapa Florestas Estrada da RibeiraColomboPR-Brazil
  2. 2.Naturhistorisches Museum, EntomologieBaselSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations