Migration of health professionals from India: tracking the flow
India has a vast reservoir of highly skilled, semi-skilled, and unskilled labor force and is one of the major source countries in the global labor market. The current paper is the first of its kind to focus primarily on migration of health professionals from India. In the absence of national-level data on migration, the paper uses data from different sources to outline the magnitude and direction of flow of health care providers from India. The paper also assesses the existing global and national policies on migration and discusses their relevance in the context of migration of health professionals from India.
- British Medical Association (2009) International recruitment of healthcare professionals. Link: http://www.bma.org.uk/employmentandcontracts/recruitment/medicalworkforceinternationalrecruitment.jsp/. Accessed 20 Aug 2010.
- Buchan J (2002) International recruitment of nurses: United Kingdom case study. Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh, UnpublishedGoogle Scholar
- Buchan J, Kingma M, Lorenzo F, Lorenzo FM (2005) International migration of nurses: trends and policy implications. International Council of Nurses, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- Buchan J, Baldwin S, Munro M (2008) Migration of health workers: the UK perspective to 2006. Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs. OECD Health Working Paper No. 38. 2008Google Scholar
- Chanda R (2005) Trade policy and health human resources planning. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- Centre for Trade and Development, WHO India Office (2009) Migration of health care professionals from India: a case study of nurses. Centre for Trade and Development in collaboration with WHO India Office, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
- Commonwealth code of practice for the international recruitment of health workers (2011) Link: http://www.thecommonwealth.org/files/35877/FileName/CommonwealthCodeofPractice.pdf. Accessed 12 Jan 2011
- Docquier F, Bhargava A (2006) The medical brain drain. A new panel data set on physicians’ emigration rates (1991–2004). World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- Dumont J C, Zurn P. (2007) Immigrant health workers in OECD countries in the broader context of highly skilled migration. In: International Migration Outlook, SOPEMI, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Government of India (2009) Annual Report 2008–09. Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs. Available from: http://moia.gov.in/showinfo1.asp?linkid=545. Accessed 09 Aug 2009.
- International Labor Organization (2008) Terms of employment and working conditions in health sector reforms. International Labor Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- Khadria B (2002) Skilled labour migration from developing countries: study on India. International Migration Program. ILO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- Kumar P and Simi TB (2009) Barriers to movement of healthcare professionals: a case study of India. CUTS International, Jaipur. Link: http://www.whoindia.org/LinkFiles/Trade_Agreement_Barriers_to_Movement_of_Healthcare_Professionals.pdf. Accessed 21 Jul 2009
- Sasikumar SK, Hussian Z (2008) Managing international labour migration from India: policies and perspectives. Asia Pacific working paper series. ILO, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- WHO (2011) The WHO Global CODE of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel, Sixty-third World Health Assembly Link: http://www.who.int/hrh/migration/code/practice/en/index.html. Accessed 12 Jan 2011