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Gynäkologische Endokrinologie

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 139–144 | Cite as

Akupunktur in der endokrinologischen Gynäkologie

Übersicht über die Anwendungsmöglichkeiten
  • S. Eisenhardt
  • J. Fleckenstein
Menopause und Frauengesundheit
  • 113 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Die chinesische Medizin stellt ein eigenständiges Medizinsystem dar, das in Verständnis und Anwendung tief mit den philosophischen und gesellschaftlichen Ideen des Jahrtausende alten chinesischen Weltbilds verwurzelt ist. Bereits sehr alten Texte (Huang di Neijing, Der Klassiker des Gelben Kaisers, 200–400 v. Chr.) greifen die Beschwerden gynäkologischer Störungen und ihre Behandlung auf. Zyklusassoziierte Beschwerden, klimakterische Symptome, unerfüllter Kinderwunsch – diese Phänomene sind auch heutzutage häufig, und die Nachfrage nach komplementären sowie integrativen Therapieansätzen wächst stetig. Die chinesische Medizin bietet mit ihren 5 Behandlungssäulen (Akupunktur, Phytotherapie, Ernährungslehre, Bewegungstherapie-Qigong und Physiotherapie-TuiNa) zahlreiche Therapieoptionen, wobei die Akupunktur in Europa am weitesten verbreitet ist. Im Verständnis von Krankheit wird insbesondere konstitutionellen Aspekten und Bereichen des täglichen Lebens (allgemeines Wohlbefinden, aktuelle Lebenssituation, Ernährung, Emotionen) ein hoher Stellenwert zugeschrieben. Diese Arbeit gibt sowohl einen Einstieg in das Verständnis gynäkologischer Erkrankungen aus der Sicht der chinesischen Medizin als auch einen Überblick über wissenschaftliche Wirksamkeitsnachweise bei genannten Indikationen.

Schlüsselwörter

Traditionelle chinesische Medizin Hormonelle Regulation Fertilität Integrative Medizin Ovarielle Dysfunktion 

Acupuncture in gynecological endocrinology

Overview of possibilities for application

Abstract

Traditional Chinese medicine represents a self-contained system of medicine which has its origins in the understanding and use of philosophy and is deeply rooted in the 1000s of years old Chinese concept of the world. Gynecological complaints and their treatment were even reported in ancient text books (e.g. Huang di Neijing—The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Medicine, 200–400 BC) and included disorders of the menstrual cycle and climacteric symptoms or fertility, which are still of concern in the present day and the demand for complementary and integrative remedies is continuously rising. Chinese medicine includes five treatment principles, i.e. acupuncture, herbal medicine, nutrition, movement therapy (e.g. Qigong) and a form of physiotherapy (TuiNa) of which acupuncture is the most widespread form of treatment used in Europe. Constitution and aspects of daily life (e.g. wellbeing, living conditions, diet and emotions) in particular are of great importance in the understanding of illness. This review provides an easy access to the concepts of gynecological diseases from the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine and also focuses on current scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness for certain indications.

Keywords

Traditional Chinese medicine Hormonal regulation Fertility Integrative medicine Ovarian insufficiency 

Notes

Danksagung

Wir danken Frau Julia Fleckenstein, BSc., Universität Innsbruck, für die Gestaltung der Abbildung.

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

Bei den Autoren besteht kein finanzieller Interessenkonflikt. J. Fleckenstein ist der stellvertretende Leiter des Wissenschaftszentrums der Deutschen Ärztegesellschaft für Akupunktur.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine eigens durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung für TCM/Akupunktur, Institut für Komplementärmedizin IKOMUniversität BernBernSchweiz
  2. 2.Universitätsklinik für Psychiatrie und PsychotherapieBernSchweiz

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