Phytothérapie

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 277–281 | Cite as

Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artemisia herba-alba issued from the district of Biskra (Algeria)

  • L. Bezza
  • A. Mannarino
  • K. Fattarsi
  • C. Mikail
  • L. Abou
  • F. Hadji-Minaglou
  • J. Kaloustian
Article Original Pharmacognosie

Abstract

Artemisia herba-alba Asso (Asteraceae) essential oil (EO), obtained by hydrodistillation from aerial parts, and was investigated using GC-FID and GC-MS techniques. The EO yield, based on dry weight, was 0.95% (v/w). Forty six components corresponding to 92.61% of the oil were identified. The EO contained in majority: cis-chrysanthenyl acetate (25.12%); (2E,3Z) 3,5-heptadienal-2-ethyliden-6-methyl (8.39%); α-thujone (7.85%); myrtenyl acetate (7.39%); verbenone (7.19%), chrysanthenone (4.98%). Chemical composition was very specific for this Algerian plant.

Keywords

Artemisia herba-alba Desert wormwood Essential oil composition Cis-chrysanthenyl acetate Chemotype 

Composition chimique de l’huile essentielle d’Artemisia herba-alba provenant de la région de Biskra (Algérie)

Résumé

L’huile essentielle (HE) d’Artemisia herba-alba Asso (Asteraceae), obtenue par entraînement à la vapeur des sommités, a été étudiée par CPG-FID et CPG-SM. La détermination de l’HE correspond à 0,95ml pour 100 g de matière sèche. Quarante-six composés correspondant à 92,61% ont été identifiés. L’HE contient en majorité de l’acétate de cis-chrysanthényle (25,12%), du 2E,3Z-2-éthyliden-6-méthyl-3,5-heptadiènal (8,39%), de l’α-thujone (7,85%), de l’acétate de myrtényle (7,39%), de la verbénone (7,19%), de la chrysanthénone (4,98%). La composition chimique est très spécifique pour cette plante algérienne.

Mots clés

Artemisia herba-alba Armoise blanche Composition de l’huile essentielle Acétate de cis-chrysanthényle Chémotype 

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bezza
    • 1
  • A. Mannarino
    • 1
  • K. Fattarsi
    • 1
  • C. Mikail
    • 1
  • L. Abou
    • 1
  • F. Hadji-Minaglou
    • 2
  • J. Kaloustian
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de chimie analytique, qualitologie, nutrition, faculté de pharmacieuniversité de la MéditerranéeMarseille, cedex 05France
  2. 2.Pharmacie des 4-CheminsGrasseFrance

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