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Phytothérapie

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 106–111 | Cite as

Allergies au miel et aux produits de la ruche

  • G. DutauEmail author
Formation Continue Clinique
  • 192 Downloads

Résumé

Les produits de la ruche comportent un grand nombre d’allergènes provenant du corps des abeilles et des produits qu’elles récoltent (pollens, nectar, propolis) et fabriquent (miel, gelée royale). Si les IgE du sérum des allergiques aux abeilles sont capables de fixer un grand nombre de protéines du miel, la prévalence de l’allergie au miel est faible chez les allergiques aux hyménoptères ou chez les apiculteurs. En revanche, l’allergie aux pollens en particulier de Composées (armoise, camomille, pissenlit) constitue un facteur de risque d’allergie au miel et à la gelée royale. L’éviction des produits en cause est la seule parade. Toutefois, le miel et les pollens, et à un degré moindre la gelée royale, sont souvent masqués dans les produits alimentaires, diététiques et énergétiques. Il faut aussi se méfier des compositions d’herboristerie non étiquetées. Une surveillance des accidents allergiques au miel, à la gelée royale et à la propolis est indispensable.

Mots clés

Miel Gelée royale Pollens Propolis Produits diététiques Surveillance 

Allergies to honey and to beehive products

Abstract

Beehive products have a large number of allergens that come from the body of bees and the products that they collect (pollen, nectar and propolis) and make (honey, royal jelly). If serums IgEs from allergies to bees are able to bind to a large number of honey proteins, the prevalence of honey allergies is low in those allergic to hymenopterans or in beekeepers. On the other hand, pollen allergies in particular to Composites (artemisia, camomile, dandelions) are a risk factor for honey and royal jelly allergies. Removing the problematic products is the only option. However, honey and pollens, and to a lesser degree royal jelly, are often hidden in food, health foods and energy products. One must also be careful of unlabelled herbalist preparations. Monitoring allergies to honey, royal jelly and propolis is essential.

Keywords

Allergy Honey Royal jelly Pollen Propolis Health food products Monitoring 

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ToulouseFrance

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